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Chinese Missile To Pak Could Dent Navy's BrahMos Advantage

中国的导弹可能削弱印度海军对巴基斯坦的布拉莫斯优势



NEW DELHI:
HIGHLIGHTS
Chinese missile CM-302 is capable of flying at thrice the speed of sound
It matches both the supersonic speed, range of Indian Navy's BrahMos
News of possible Pak acquisition of YJ-12/CM-302 broke late last month

新德里消息:
要点
1 中国导弹CM-302能够以三倍音速飞行
2 它的速度和射程与印度海军的布拉莫斯导弹相当
3 上个月底,巴基斯坦可能收购YJ-12/CM-302的消息传出。

A game-changing Chinese anti-ship missile, capable of flying at three times the speed of sound, could erode a key missile advantage the Indian Navy has enjoyed over the Pakistani Navy since 2005.

一种能够以三倍音速飞行、改变游戏规则的中国反舰导弹,可能会削弱印度海军自2005年以来对巴基斯坦海军的导弹优势。

An export variant of the YJ-12 missile, the CM-302, is likely to be the primary weapon on board four new Chinese frigates being built for the Pakistan Navy at the Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai.

CM-302是YJ-12导弹的一种出口改型,可能是在上海沪东-中华造船厂为巴基斯坦海军建造的四艘新护卫舰上的主要武器。

The CM-302 matches both the supersonic speed and the range of the Indian Navy's BrahMos anti-ship cruise missiles, which have been deployed on several front-line frigates and destroyers of the Navy.

CM-302的速度和射程与印度海军布拉莫斯巡航导弹相当,后者已经部署在海军的几艘前线护卫舰和驱逐舰上。

Senior defence officials monitoring the sale of new generation Chinese Type 054 frigates to Pakistan have told NDTV that the ships are likely to come armed with the CM-302, which they identify as a "new threat which represents a new capability."

负责监督中国向巴基斯坦出售新一代054型护卫舰的高级国防官员告诉NDTV,这些护卫舰可能配备CM-302,他们认为这是一种“代表新能力的新威胁”。 他们认为CM-302是一种“代表新能力的新威胁”。

But these officers also tell NDTV that "there is a long way to go for these missiles to become a credible threat for the Indian Navy" since the Pakistan Navy still lacks long-range sensors which need to target Indian platforms before a CM-302 can actually be fired.

但这些官员还告诉NDTV,“要让这些导弹成为印度海军的致命威胁,还有很长的路要走”,因为巴基斯坦海军仍然缺乏在CM-302发射之前能够瞄准印度目标的远程探测器。

"Possessing accurate targeting data, surveillance capability, and having the ability to penetrate a dense [Indian Navy] electronic counter-measures environment are a part of a complex matrix" that the Pakistan Navy's new frigates would need to overcome before they can attempt a missile launch.

“拥有精确的目标数据、监视能力,以及渗透(印度海军)密集电子对抗环境的能力”,巴基斯坦海军的新护卫舰在尝试导弹发射之前,需要克服这些问题。

Still, the acquisition of the CM-302 onboard the new Chinese-built frigates that will be inducted from 2021 means a lethal new capability for the Pakistan Navy.

尽管如此,获得搭载在中国建造的新型护卫舰上的CM-302意味着巴基斯坦海军将拥有致命的新能力,新艘护卫舰将于2021年服役。

According to globalsecurity.org, a leading online resource of emerging military threats, "the highlight of the YJ-12 is not its range but speed. It can reach 'Double Three' or 'Double Four,' namely a range of 300 kilometres at Mach 3 (three times the speed of sound) or a range of 400 kilometres at Mach 4."

据全球安全组织称,“YJ-12的亮点不是它的射程而是速度。它可以达到‘双3’或‘双4’,即以3马赫速度飞行300公里(音速的3倍),以4马赫速度飞行400公里。”

It is unclear if the Barak 8 Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM), deployed on India's newest Kolkata Class destroyers, have the ability to intercept a missile of this class. In response to a query from NDTV, senior Navy officers declined comment on whether the Barak 8 system has been test-fired against any supersonic anti-ship missile, let alone a missile that flies faster than Mach 2.

目前还不清楚部署在印度最新的加尔各答级驱逐舰上的巴拉克8型远程对空导弹是否有能力拦截CM-302。在回答NDTV的提问时,海军高级官员拒绝就巴拉克8型导弹是否曾测试拦截过超音速反舰导弹发表评论,更不用说拦截速度超过2马赫的导弹了。

In an article in warontherocks.com, Robert Haddick, an independent contractor at the US Specials Operations Command, has said "the YJ-12 is the most dangerous anti-ship missile China has produced."

在warontherocks.com网站的一篇文章中,美国特种作战司令部的独立承包商罗伯特•哈迪克说:“YJ-12是中国已生产的最危险的反舰导弹。”

According to Mr Haddick, "the arrival of the YJ-12 is one more indication of how the US Navy is falling further behind in the missile competition against China, exposing flaws in operating concepts that US and allied commanders and policymakers have relied on for years."

哈迪克表示:“YJ-12的出现再次表明,美国海军在与中国的导弹竞争中越来越落后,暴露出美国及其盟国指挥官和决策者多年来一直依赖的作战理念存在缺陷。”