原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com 翻译:chuhao123 转载请注明出处
论坛地址:http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-482611-1-1.html

These Are The Strongest Militaries In The World

这些是全世界最强大的军队

While an all-out battle may be the only way to truly determine which country has the strongest military, hopefully, we’ll never have to find out. Battle aside, how does someone determine who has the most powerful military in the world? Is it the number of soldiers in a country’s militia? Or the types of technology a country has built to defend itself? Or perhaps their military spending budget? Considering the aforementioned factors, resources like Global Fire Power, The Credit Suisse Report, and Nation Master, have allowed us to rank worldwide military powers with a good level of certainty.

虽然只有用一场全面战争,才可能确定哪个国家拥有最强的军事力量,但希望我们永远不要用这样的方式得出结果。抛开战争,我们要如何确定哪国拥有世界上最强大的军队?是一个国家国民的士兵人数吗?还是一个国家为自卫而建立的技术类型?或者他们的军费开支?虑到上述因素,全球火力网站、瑞士信贷报告和国家大师网站等资源使我们能够很好地确定全球军事强国的排名。

Read on to see which countries made the list of the most powerful in the world, leading up to the strongest. A few of them will definitely surprise you. See which small island country has more than 1.6 million soldiers in reserve.

继续阅读,看看哪些国家登上了世界上最强大的国家之列,领导着最强大的军队。其中一些肯定会让你大吃一惊。看看哪个小小的岛屿国家拥有超过一百六十万的预备役军人。

Peru

秘鲁



For a country with just 30 million people, the military at Peru is rather sizeable with 100,000 active personnel and 268,000 reservists waiting to serve at a moments notice.

对于一个只有3000万人口的国家来说,秘鲁的军队相当庞大,有10万名现役人员和268000名预备役人员在随时等待通知去服役。

Peru features an active air force that includes combat fighter jets, along with attack helicopters, attack aircraft, and air support. The country’s ground support offers 300 combat tanks, armored fighting vehicles, and support from towed and self-propelled artillery along with rocket projectors. The country also offers a small naval source comprised of frigates, patrol craft, corvettes, and six submarines. The military’s budget is just north of $820 million per year.

秘鲁有一支活跃的空军,包括战斗机、攻击直升机、攻击机和空中支援飞机。该国的地面支援部队拥有300辆作战坦克、装甲战车,以及牵引式和自行式火炮以及火箭发射器。该国还有一只小型海军,包括护卫舰、巡逻艇、轻型护卫舰、和六艘潜艇。其每年军事预算刚刚超过8.2亿美元。

Netherlands

荷兰



With a population of just 17 million residents, the country of the Netherlands maintained a decent sized military that includes 42,705 active personnel and 10,500 reservists.

荷兰只有1700万居民,却拥有一支规模可观的军队,其中包括42705名现役人员和10500名预备役军人。

With a decent sized military force, the country is able to maintain a small number of fighter jets, attack aircraft, 29 attack helicopters, and support transport. The country’s military features 144 battle tanks and relies on armored fighting vehicles and self-propelled artillery for much of its ground support. The Netherlands does not operate an aircraft carrier but features frigates, four corvette warships, patrol craft, and four submarines for additional naval support. The countries military budget is $12.6 billion.

伴随一支规模可观的军事力量,该国能够维持少量战斗机、攻击机、29架攻击直升机,以及支援运输飞机。该国的军事装备有144辆战斗坦克,主要依靠装甲战车和自行火炮作为地面支援。荷兰并未掌握航空母舰,却拥有护卫舰、四艘轻型护卫舰、巡逻艇、以及四艘潜艇用于额外的海军支援。该国军事预算为126亿美元。

Taiwan

台湾



With China constantly threatening to invade Taiwan, it’s no surprise the island state has worked hard to increase its military’s strength. The state has 300,000 active soldiers and 1,675,000 soldiers in reserve, plus 815 air vehicles, 102 naval ships, and 2,005 tanks.

面对中国大陆不断的影响,这个岛屿努力提升自己的军事力量并不出奇。它拥有30万名现役士兵和167.5万名预备役士兵,另外有815架飞机、102艘海军舰艇,以及2005辆坦克。

Military trainees go through strenuous tests before completing military programs. Trainees in the Marine Corps, for example, have to crawl along 50 meters of jagged coral and rocks in the “Road to Heaven” test in Zuoying. Taiwan spends $19.2 billion on its military on an annual basis.

军训学员在完成军事课程之前要经过艰苦的测试。例如,海军陆战队的学员必须通过左营“天堂之路”的测试。即沿着50米的锯齿状珊瑚和岩石攀爬。台湾每年在军事上花费192亿美元。

Switzerland

瑞士



If everyone could just be Switzerland this list would be unneeded. The country is home to 8.2 million people and only 21,000 serve in the country’s active military. An additional 120,000 people are part of the country’s military reserves.

如果每个国家都像瑞士这样,就不需要这份清单了。这个国家有820万人口,只有2.1万名现役士兵。该国还有12万名预备役人员。

The Swiss maintain a small airborne military that does not include any attack helicopters. The country is home to a small number of fighter jets and attack aircraft that are supported by an equally small subset of air transport devices. The Swiss army is mostly comprised of 224 combat tanks and a larger number of armored fighting vehicles. Given its location, Switzerland does not maintain any type of naval force. $4.1 billion is spent on military expenditures every single year.

瑞士维持了一支小型空军,没有任何攻击直升机。该国拥有数量有限的战斗机和攻击机,以及同样少量的航空运输设备。瑞士军队大体上由224辆作战坦克和数量稍多的装甲车组成。鉴于它的位置,瑞士并没有维持任何类型的海军力量。每年在军事上的开支为41亿美元。

Norway

挪威



With just over five million people in the country of Norway, the area features a small military with just 26,500 active employees and 46,000 waiting in the reserves.

挪威这个国家的人口刚刚超过500万,拥有一支小型军队,只有2.65万名现役人员和4.6万名预备役。

While the country is small they do operate 57 fighter jets that operate alongside a small subset of attack aircraft, and transport systems. The country does not operate any attack helicopters. The country’s focus on its land support includes 136 combat tanks, armored fighting vehicles, and some self-propelled and towed artillery. Norway’s small navy includes frigate support, mine warfare vessels, and patrol craft and support for six submarines. Norway has a military budget of $6.2 billion.

虽然这个国家很小,但他们却有57架战斗机,另有少量攻击机和运输机。该国没有任何攻击直升机。该国专注于本土支援,包括136辆作战坦克、装甲战斗车辆以及一些自行和拖曳式火炮。挪威的小型海军包括护卫舰、水雷战舰和巡逻艇以及用于支援的六艘潜艇。挪威的军事预算为62亿美元。

Argentina

阿根廷



The country of Argentina is home to nearly 44 million people but only 75,000 active military personnel support the countries programs with 52,720 waiting in the country’s reserves.

阿根廷此国的人口接近4400万,但只有7.5万名现役人员和5.272万名预备役人员。

The country features 86 fighter jets and a small group of other attack aircraft alongside five attack helicopters. More robust is the country’s ground support which includes 430 combat tanks, armored fighting vehicles, rocket projectors and both self-propelled and towed artillery. Argentina is also home to a small number of navy support vehicles including destroyers, patrol craft, nine corvettes, and three submarines. Argentina’s annual military budget is $5.6 billion per year.

该国拥有86架战斗机和一小群其他攻击飞机,以及5架攻击直升机。该国的地面部队更为强大,包括430辆作战坦克、装甲战车、火箭发射器以及自行火炮和拖曳火炮。阿根廷还拥有少数海军部队,包括驱逐舰、巡逻艇、九艘护卫舰和三艘潜艇。阿根廷每年的军事预算为56亿美元。

Mexico

墨西哥



Despite Mexico’s population of nearly 124 million people, the country’s military is relatively small with only 273,000 active personnel and 110,000 reserve members.

尽管墨西哥有近1.24亿人口,但该国军队规模相对较小,只有27.3万名现役人员和11万名后备人员。

Mexico features 58 fighter jets and a handful of other attack fighters. The country is focused on transport aircraft and it also lacked attack helicopters. Mexico’s army is comprised of 567 combat tanks and only a handful of armored fighting vehicles. The country does operate some towed and self-propelled artillery. While Mexico does not own an aircraft carrier, the country’s military is responsible for operating and maintaining frigates, mine warfare vessels, patrol craft, and seven corvettes warships. Mexico spends $10.07 billion per year on military assets.

墨西哥有58架战斗机和少数其他攻击战斗机。该国的重点是运输机,也缺乏攻击直升机。墨西哥军队由567辆战斗坦克和少量装甲战车组成。这个国家确实使用了一些拖曳式和自行式火炮。虽然墨西哥没有航空母舰,但该国军方负责操作和维护着护卫舰、水雷战舰、巡逻艇和七艘轻型护卫舰。墨西哥每年在军事资产上花费100.7亿美元。

Malaysia

马来西亚



The population of Malaysia is nearly 31 million and the military force includes 110,000 active personnel and 310,000 reserve personnel. Malaysia maintained a small fleet of 44 fighter jets and a handful of attack helicopters which are assisted by a limited amount of air support and trainer aircraft.

马来西亚人口近3100万,军部包括11万名现役人员和31万名后备人员。马来西亚保持着一支由44架战斗机和几架攻击直升机组成的小型机队,它们得到数量有限的空中支援和教练机的协助。

The country is more focused on 64 combat tanks and armored fighting vehicles alongside towed artillery and rocket projectors. Malaysia doesn’t operate any aircraft carriers but is supported by sea thanks to a handful of frigates, four corvettes, two submarines, patrol craft, and mine warfare vessels. The country’s military budget is $4.69 billion annually.

该国重点更多的放在64辆作战坦克和装甲战车,以及拖曳的火炮和火箭发射器。马来西亚海军部队没有任何航空母舰,但是有少数护卫舰、四艘轻型护卫舰、两艘潜艇、巡逻艇和水雷战舰。该国每年的军事预算为46.9亿美元。

Czech Republic

捷克共和国



With 10.6 million people in the country, the Czech Republic features a very small military with only 29,050 members of which 22,000 are part of the areas active military.

捷克共和国拥有1060万人口,其军队规模很小,只有29050人,其中22000人是现役军人。

The Czech Republic features a small number of fighter jets, attack helicopters and air support vehicles that include 31 fighter jets and 24 attack helicopters which are maintained by a handful of military employees. Most of the country’s efforts are focused on 123 combat tanks, armored fighting vehicles, and self-propelled and towed artillery. This landlocked country which is positioned between Germany and Slovakia does not have a navy force. The countries total military spend each year is $1.16 billion.

捷克共和国有少量战斗机、攻击直升机和空中支援飞机,其中包括31架战斗机和24架攻击直升机,由少数军事人员维护。该国将大部分力量集中在123辆作战坦克、装甲战车以及自行火炮和拖曳炮上。这个地处德国和斯洛伐克之间的内陆国家没有海军力量。该国每年军费总额为11.6亿美元。

Myanmar

缅甸



With a population of nearly 57 million the country of Myanmar has a relatively small military with 406,000 active personnel and 110,000 people in the reserves.

缅甸拥有近5700万人口,军事规模相对较小,有406000名现役人员和110000名后备人员。

In terms of air power, Myanmar features 128 fighter jets, various attack aircraft, 10 attack helicopters, and support transports. The country’s ground support is much stronger with combat tanks, armored fighting vehicles and a larger number of self-propelled and towed artillery options. The country also offers rocket projectors which are lacking even in some military powers that are ranked higher than the country’s own armed forces. The country’s military expenditure is $7.07 billion per year.

在空军力量方面,缅甸有128架战斗机,各型攻击机,10架攻击直升机,以及支援运输机。该国地面部队要强大的多,拥有作战坦克、装甲战车和数量更多的自行和拖曳式火炮。该国也有甚至某些军事大国都没有的火箭发射装置,这一点比该国本身的武装力量排名更高。该国的军事开支为每年70.7亿美元。

Ukraine

乌克兰



With a population of 44.2 million, the military force of the Ukraine is impressive in its own right. The country is home to 1.2 million military personnel of which only 182,000 are active military. The country maintained a server of one million.

乌克兰人口为4420万,其军事力量本身令人印象深刻。该国拥有120万军事人员,其中只有18.2万名现役人员。该国维持着一支100万人的军队。

The Ukraine features an active airborne division that includes 188 fighter jets, alongside attack helicopters, transport craft, and trainer vehicles. The country’s ground support is much larger with a focus on 3,784 combat tanks and armored fighting vehicles alongside towed and self-propelled artillery. The country’s navy is nearly non-existent with only a handful of frigates, patrol craft, and mine warfare vessels and a single corvette warship. The military budget for the country is $2.07 billion.

乌克兰有一支活跃的空军部队,包括188架战斗机,另外还有攻击直升机,运输机和教练机。该国的地面部队规模更大,主要有3784辆作战坦克和装甲战车,以及拖曳和自行火炮。该国的海军几乎不存在,只有少量护卫舰、巡逻艇和水雷战舰,以及一艘小型护卫舰。其军事开支为20.7亿美元。

Sweden

瑞典



Sweden is a neutral country with a population of just 10 million people. With the support of allies around the world, the country has not placed an active emphasis on its military which features just 43,875 personnel of which 21,875 are active in the country’s armed forces.

瑞典是个中立国家,人口只有1000万。平均全世界盟友的支援,该国并未积极强调其军事力量,其武装力量只有43875名人员,其中21875名现役人员。

Sweden’s military is mostly air focused with 138 fighter jets and attack helicopters that are supported by a small amount of air transport vehicles. The country also features a small group of 160 combat tanks and armored fighting vehicles but is not supported by towed or self-propelled artillery. Sweden’s navy doesn’t include any aircraft carriers but the country does operate a submarine division with five subs. Also featured in Sweden’s navy is nine corvettes. Sweden’s armed forces budget is $6.7 billion.

瑞典军队大部分集中于138架战斗机和攻击直升机,由少量空中运输机进行支援。该国也有一小群160辆作战坦克和装甲战车,但是没有自行火炮。瑞典的海军没有航空母舰,但是该国有一支5艘潜艇组成的潜艇部队。另外瑞典的海军还有九艘小型护卫舰。瑞典武装力量的预算为67亿美元。

Greece

希腊



With a population of less than 11 million, Greece has a surprisingly large military that includes 413,750 members of which 161,500 serve in the country’s active military.

希腊人口不到1100万,但其军队规模却出乎意料的大,包括413750名军事人员,其中161500名现役人员。

There are 308 fighter and attack aircraft in Greece and the country operates 29 attack helicopters alongside some transport aircraft and trainers. Ground support is a main focus of the Greece military which operates 1,244 battle tanks, and a good number of armored vehicles, and self-propelled and towed artillery and rocket projectors. Despite its proximity to open waters, the country does not operate any aircraft carriers, although it does feature 11 submarines that help protect the region. The country’s budget is $10.39 billion per year.

希腊有308架战斗机和攻击机,还有29架攻击直升机,以及部分运输机和教练机。希腊军方重点关注于地面部队,操作着1244辆作战坦克,和大量的装甲车,自行和拖曳式火炮,还有火箭发射装置。尽管它主要面对的是空旷的海域,但该国没有任何航空母舰,只有11艘潜艇来护卫该地区。该国军事预算为每年103.9亿美元。

Spain

西班牙



There are nearly 49 million people living in Spain but this friendly country has not built up the military strength of some countries with smaller populations. There are only 170,000 military personnel of which 124,000 serve in active full-time roles.

西班牙人口接近4900万,但这个友好国家的军事实力甚至比不上一些人口较少的国家。只有17万名军事人员,其中12.4万名为现役人员。

Spain has a small air force that features 151 fighter and attack jets along with six attack helicopters, and transport aircraft. The country also operates combat tanks that number 552, along with armored fighting vehicles, and self-propelled and towed artillery. Despite its small size, the country also operates an aircraft carrier, four submarines, and patrol aircraft. Its navy also features mine warfare vessels and frigates. Spain spends $25.5 billion annually to maintain its military machine.

西班牙有一支小型空军,拥有151架战斗机和攻击机,以及六架攻击直升机,还有运输机。该国也有552辆作战坦克,以及装甲车,自行和拖曳式火炮。尽管规模较小,该国也有一艘航空母舰,四艘潜艇和巡逻艇。它的海军还有水雷战舰和护卫舰。西班牙每年在其军事机器上的开支为255亿美元。

Canada

加拿大



Although Canada is a considerably larger than the United States in terms of land mass, the country has just 1/10th of the population. And of the 36 million people who live in Canada, just 79,000 are active military personnel. But despite those numbers, Canada ranks among the strongest militaries in the world.

尽管加拿大在土地面积方面比美国大,但该国人口只有后者的1/10。在加拿大3600万人口中,只有7.9万名现役军人。但尽管数量较少,加拿大仍跻身于全世界最强大的军队之列。

In addition to having 111,000 total military personnel, they have roughly 426 air crafts, 181 tanks, and four submarines. Despite its powerful tools and technologies, Canada takes a peaceful approach. In fact, the country was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988 in recognition of the efforts over the years to help restore peace to war-torn countries. Canada’s annual military budget is $21 billion per year.

另外它的军队总人数为11.1万人,却拥有426架飞机,181辆坦克和四艘潜艇。尽管它有着强大的工具和技术,加拿大的行为一贯和平。实际上,该国由于多年帮助遭受战争摧残的国家重建和平,而在1988年获得诺贝尔和平奖。加拿大每年的军事预算为210亿美元。

Algeria

阿尔及利亚



Algeria features a population of just over 40 million people with a military of just under 800,000 people. The country’s active military is 420,000 strong with the rest of the military server in reserve roles.

阿尔及利亚人口刚刚超过4000万,军队不到80万人。该国现役军人为42万,其他为预备役人员。

Algeria is home to combat fighter planes and 134 attack helicopters. The country focuses much of its efforts on a ground support including 1,105 combat tanks which are supported by armored fighting vehicles and both ground-to-ground and ground-to-air support. Algeria doesn’t operate any aircraft carriers and focuses on four submarines and eight corvette warships. The countries military budget is $4.99 billion per year.

阿尔及利亚拥有战斗机和134架攻击直升机。该国大部分力量集中在地面部队,包括1105辆作战坦克,受到装甲车的支援,还有地对地和地对空力量。阿根廷没有航空母舰,主要有4艘潜艇和8艘小型护卫舰。该国军事预算为每年49.9亿美元。

Saudi Arabia

沙特阿拉伯



With a population of just over 28 million, Saudi Arabia offers a relatively small military presence with 256,000 personnel of which 231,000 are active military.

沙特人口刚刚超过2800万,其军队人数相对较少,为25.6万人,其中23.1万现役军人。

To maintain its presence in the Middle East the country operates 287 combat fighter aircraft, most of which have been acquired from the United States military complex. Attack helicopters and fighter jets are among the countries forces. 1,055 combat tanks and additional armored vehicles are the primary ground force mechanics for the country’s military, although they also operate towed and self-propelled artillery. The Saudi Arabia military is largely non-existent with only a few patrol craft and four corvette warships. Saudi Arabia spends $39.2 billion on defense each year.

为了维持其在中东的存在,该国运行着287架作战飞机,其中大部分是来自美国的军事装备。该国军队还有攻击直升机和喷气式战斗机。该国军队的地面部队主要是1055辆作战坦克,以及装甲车,还有拖曳式和自行火炮。沙特海军聊胜于无,只有少量巡逻艇和四艘小型护卫舰。沙特每年的国防开支为392亿美元。

North Korea

朝鲜



North Korea has a military presence of 6.4 million people which is incredibly large for a country with a population of 25 million. At any given time 945,000 active military personnel are working for the North Korean government.

朝鲜军队人数为640万,相对于其2500万人口而言多到不可思议。任何时候都有94.5万现役军人为朝鲜政府效忠。

North Korea’s capabilities keep growing with the recent realization that the country has developed nuclear capabilities. The country is home to 661 fighter jets, and a handful of attack helicopters, and other forms of air power. The country also operates 3,500 combat tanks, and utilizes self-propelled artillery, and rocket projectors, among other technologies. North Korea features a growing Navy but lacks aircraft carrier technology, although it does feature 13 frigates and 70 submarines. The country’s annual budget is unknown but is believed to be an astounding 22% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

随着各国认识到该国已经开发了核武器,朝鲜的能力持续上升。该国拥有661架战斗机,少量攻击直升机,以及其他形式的空中力量。该国也拥有3500辆作战坦克和自行火炮,以及火箭发射器,还有其他军事技术。朝鲜的海军日益壮大,但缺乏航空母舰的技术,尽管它拥有13艘护卫舰和70艘潜艇。该国每年的预算不为外人所知,但据信已达到该国国民生产总值的22%,令人瞠目结舌。

Australia

澳大利亚



Fun fact: in the 1930s, the Australian military waged war on the emu population of West Australia and lost. But despite this embarrassment, Australia has one of the strongest militaries in the world today.

有趣的事实:1930年代,澳大利亚军队向西澳大利亚的鸸鹋发起战争,却失败了。尽管有这个令人尴尬的历史,今天的澳大利亚拥有全世界最为强大的一支军队。

Australia and the United States are similar in size, yet Australia’s military is comparatively tiny. In fact, the country has just 58,000 active members and an additional 44,240 left in reserve along with 408 air vehicles, 59 tanks, and 52 ships ready for battle. In many areas, Australia’s military is much weaker than other countries, but thanks to the land down under’s attack helicopters and submarines, it gets high rankings. $26.9 billion is spent on Australia’s military every single year.

澳大利亚和美国在面积上差不多,然而澳大利亚的军队相对较小。实际上,该国只有5.8万名现役人员,另外4.424万名预备役人员,它拥有408架飞行棋,59辆坦克,52艘军舰整装待发。在很多领域,澳大利亚军队比其他国家弱小得多,但多亏了它的攻击直升机和潜艇,它的排名很高。澳大利亚每年的军事开支为269亿美元。