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As the importance of light is better understood by experiencing darkness;so is the importance of education can be better understood by dwelling into thelack of it. Perhaps, an illiterate person who has never been to school and whohas faced the curse of illiteracy could answer the question- “Why is educationso important in our life?” better. He knows the importance of schools and whatchange could it brings to a person’s life.


Education builds individuals, educated individuals build bettersocieties, and better societies build great nations. From the most underdeveloped third world countries (like Togo and Madagascar) to the world’ssuperpowers (USA, Russia, China); their only hope to success and developmentlies in education and providing compulsory education to all.
Below we will go through the importance of education in India aswell as other developing countries, understanding its implications as well asimportance.

教育造就个人,受过教育的个人造就更好的社会,而更好的社会造就伟大的国家。从最欠发达的第三世界国家(如多哥和马达加斯加)到世界超级大国(美国、俄罗斯、中国); 他们成功和发展的唯一希望在于教育和普及义务教育。



Witha Gross Domestic Product per capita (GDP) of 1963.55 USD (United States Dollar)as recorded in 2017; India is recognized as a developing country. The GDP percapita of a Nation roughly measures the amount of money an individual in thatnation makes in a financial year. The GDP per capita of a country is obtainedby dividing the Gross Domestic Product (GDP or the amount of money a countrymakes annually) by its population. Though, there is no fixed criterion todecide on whether a country is under developed, developing or developed; theGDP per capita of a country compared with others can be a reference point.




ThoughIndia has a high enrollment rate at Primary section- 95% according to 2011census; the dropout rate after the primary education is also alarming withnearly half of those enrolled for primary education, dropping out at the age of14 and the other half unable to read or write or perform basic mathematicalcalculations.


Aroundthe globe, 750 Million people are unable to read and write, of which womenconstitute two thirds and all of them reside in the third world countries orthe developing countries.
The only hope of a underdeveloped and developing nation lies ineducating its children, youth and adults, irrespective of their caste, religionor gender.


What Education can Change in India and other Developing Nations
(Role of Education in India and Other Developing Countries)


Education has the potential to change the course of a nation; anation whose pupils are educated and skilled is most likely to achieve itstargeted economical growth and be known as a developed nation. An educatednation successfully removes any hindrances to its growth, and constantlystrives to achieve sustainable development.


Nigeria has overtaken India as a country with largest number ofpoor, but India is still the second in the list. India’s poverty is a result ofilliteracy and one of its major effect- unemployment. In India nearly 70.6Million people still live in abject poverty while Nigeria has 87 Million. Theonly hope of getting these people out of the vicious cycle of poverty is, byeducating them and their children. More literacy means high employability whichmeans better living conditions and eradication of poverty.


3) Effectiveness of Government Welfare Schemes(政府福利计划的成效)

The government of developing countries from time to time inducesmany welfare schemes for its citizens. Schemes like skill development,providing loans for establishing small businesses as well as other employmentschemes; can only be availed if the person has the required minimumqualification. Like in India, schemes like ‘Prime Minister Rozgar Yojna’ or‘Skill Development’ can only be availed if one has passed at leastmatriculation. Millions are in need but can not avail the benefits of suchschemes owing to their illiteracy.

发展中国家政府不时地为其公民引入许多福利计划。技能发展、为开办小型企业提供贷款以及其他就业计划;只有具备最低资格的人才可申请。和印度一样,Rozgar Yojna或“技能发展”(Skill Development)等项目只有在至少通过了大学入学考试的情况下才能发挥作用。数以百万计的人需要这些计划,但由于他们不识字而无法利用这些计划的好处。

5) Eradicates Casteism(根除印度种姓制度)

Casteism or caste based discrimination is one of the majorhindrances that India faces on the path of sustainable development. A societywhich discriminates among its peers on the basis of their caste, creed, coloror religion can never achieve development and will forever remain entangled inthe web of poverty, poor resources and hatred. One of the main factors behindthe caste based discrimination and practicing orthodox customs is illiteracy.


An illiterate person is unlikely to think rationally and is likelyto concede to false practices and orthodox customs. On the contrary, educationcan change a person’s perspective on caste discrimination and make him morelikely caste neutral and having a progressive mind set; willing to contributeproductively to the nation. Therefore, casteism can be effectivelyeradicated by education; the more people are educated the more the nationbecomes caste neutral.


6) Gender Equality(男女平等)

Whileit can be said that a well educated person can also resort to violence againstwomen, but he is more unlikely to do so as compared to an illiterate person.Moreover, an educated woman knows her rights and can very well defend herselfas well as her family against any threats as compared an illiterate woman.Therefore, it is established beyond doubt that India needs to use education asa weapon to fight back crimes against women, if it wants to achieve developmentin true sense.


8) Economical Development andStability(经济发展与稳定)

Economical growth and stability is only possible througheducation. Any developing nation has a pool of talent, which regularly getswasted due to lack of education and the absence of required educationalinfrastructure. Nearly twenty million youths graduate annually in India,in various disciplines and set out to aid to the economical development ofnation. If only we were able to educate all of those who lagged behind, what atremendous change it would have brought to our economy.


On the other hand a literate mother is more likely to seek thehelp from a registered medical practitioner rather than going to an illegalpractitioner. She is also more aware of the nutritional needs of her new born;thereby, resulting in a decrease in infant mortality.



A nation is nothing but an amalgamation of different societies.The behavior and growth of the individual societies reflects the behavior andgrowth of the nation. An educated, well cultured and progressive society;therefore, represents a progressive nation whose pupils are happy and content.A society can be happy and progressive only when it overcomes the shackles ofpoverty, unemployment, inequality, corruption, gender inequality, economicaldisparity etc, by making all of its citizens literate and by ensuringcompulsory education for all.
Today, India is the world’s fastest growing economy and is aboutto surpass China; and looking forward to achieve sustainable development by theyear 2030 with rest of the world. A feat only possible through education and literacy.