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Our maps are all WRONG Graphic shows just how out of touch the commonly used Mercator map really is

我们的地图都是错的:图片显示最常用的墨卡托地图是多么的脱离实际

It has long been known that many of the most popular maps of the globe are wrong.

很多最流行的世界地图都是错的,这一点早已为人所知。

However, a new graphicshows exactly how wrong the commonly used Mercator map is.

然而,最近出现了一张图解,它显示了最常用的墨卡托地图究竟错到什么地步。

It reveals the huge imbalances in country sizes, with the popular 'globe' map showing North America and Russia are both larger than Africa, when in reality Africa is three times bigger than North America and significantly larger than Russia too.

它揭示了最常用的“世界”地图上各国面积不平衡,北美和俄罗斯都比非洲大,而实际上非洲面积是北美的三倍,而且也比俄罗斯大得多。

These strange distortions have been laid bare by a climate data scientist at theMet Office who has created a two dimensional representation of what the world really looks like.

英国气象局的一位气象数据科学家揭穿了这些奇怪的失真之处,他创造了一种二位表现方法,来展示世界真正的样子。



The map that shows that many countries - including Russia,Canada and Greenland - are not nearly as big as we think.

这幅地图显示,很多国家,包括俄罗斯、加拿大和格陵兰岛,都没有我们想象的那么大。

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Brazil is more than five times larger than Alaska, yet Alaska is larger than Brazil on the map.

巴西比阿拉斯加的五倍还要大,然而地图上阿拉斯加的面积却超过巴西。



But the diversity gradually faded away with one model, invented by Gerardus Mercator in 1596, which surpassed the others.

但是随着格拉尔杜斯墨卡托在1596年发明的一种模型,这种模型比其他各种各样的模型更优越,所以它们逐渐淡出人们的视野。

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'There was then some manual tweaking of countries that are closer to the poles', wrote Mr Kaye on Reddit.

“然后对靠近北极的国家进行了一些手动优化,”Kaye先生在reddit上写道。

'This demonstrates you can't fit shapes on a sphere back together again once you put them on the flat.'

“这表明,一旦你把球上的形状投影到平面上,那么投影的形状就无法与球上的形状吻合了。”

Mercator (5 March 1512 – 2 December 1594) was a Flemish cartographer famous for creating a world map based on a projection which showed sailing courses of as straight lines.

墨卡托(1512年3月5日-1594年12月2日)是一位佛兰德绘图家,他以发明了投影为基础的世界地图而得名,这种地图以直线显示航向。

Unlike other geography scholars from around the same time as him, he did not travel much.

不像他同一时代的其他地理学者,他没有多少旅行经验。

Instead his knowledge of geography came from his library of over one thousand books and maps.

相反,他的地理知识来自于他的图书馆,拥有超过一千本书籍和地图。

In the 1580s he began publishing his atlas, which he named after the giant holding the world on his shoulders in Greek mythology.

在1580年代,他开始出版他的地图集,并以希腊神话中扛起世界的巨人为之命名。

In the Mercator projection, North America looks at least as big, if not slightly larger, than Africa.

在墨卡托投影地图中,北美看起来跟非洲一样大,甚至大了一点点。

And Greenland also looks of comparable size.

而且格陵兰岛的面积看起来也与之相当。

But in reality Africa is larger than both.

但实际上非洲比以上二者都大。

WHO WAS GERARDUS MERCATOR?

格拉尔杜斯墨卡托是谁?

Gerardus Mercator (5 March 1512 – 2 December 1594) was a Flemish cartographer famous for creating a world map based on a projection which showed sailing courses of as straight lines.

格拉尔杜斯墨卡托(1512年3月5日-1594年12月2日)是一位佛兰德绘图家,他以发明投影为基础的世界地图而得名,这种地图以直线显示航向。

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In fact, you can fit north America into Africa and still have space for India, Argentina, Tunisia and some left over.

实际上你可以把北美洲塞进非洲,而剩下的面积依然可以容纳印度、阿根廷、突尼斯,甚至还有富余。

Greenland, meanwhile, is 1/14th the size of the continent as can be seen in Gall-Peters equal projection, which provides the correct proportion of land mass to the continents.

而格陵兰岛,只有这片大陆(非洲)的1/14,在高尔-毕德思的等面积投影中也可以看出,这种方法给出的大陆陆地面积比例是正确的。

The map suggests that Scandinavian countries are larger than India, whereas in reality India is three times the size of all Scandinavian countries put together.

这幅地图表明,斯堪的纳维亚各国的总面积要超过印度,而实际上印度的面积是所有斯堪的纳维亚国家总面积的三倍。

As well, as this, it seems the fact that our maps typically put north at the top is a mere convention but has been accepted as correct in most of the world.

同样的,我们的地图基本上都是上北下南,而这一事实只不过是习惯使然,但是被大多数国家所接受,认为是正确的做法。