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The national flag raising ceremony at Beijing's Tian'anmen Square marks the annual celebration of China's National Day of October 1st. This year is the 69th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Over 100,000 Chinese citizens came from throughout the country to see this majestic ritual.
CGTN's Roee Ruttenberg spoke with Sourabh Gupta. Gupta is a Senior Fellow at the Institute for China-America Studies.

中国国际电视台(CGTN)主持人罗伊·鲁滕伯格(Roee Ruttenberg)将和来宾索拉布·古普塔(Sourabh Gupta)一起为您解说。古普塔先生是来自中美研究中心(Institute for China-American Studies, ICAS)的一位资深研究员。

It's been 69 years since the founding of the People's Republic of China and now we're just minutes away from a flag raising ceremony in Beijing to celebrate that anniversary. To help describe the event here with me now is Sourabh Gupta, a senior fellow at the Institute for China-American Studies ... Thank you for joining us. 69 years, a lot to celebrate.


Well absolutely a lot to celebrate. Especially given the traumatic circumstances in which China was liberated and the number of people who in that, both civilian deaths as well as military. I mean they fought themselves also, and of course they have it as part of the war against fascism. So I mean there's a lot to celebrate and since in the last 30 years, tremendous economic growth which has raised so many people out of poverty.


And we're getting live pictures now, you can see the crowds there in Tiananmen Square.


We can just see some of the military commander coming out in this procession. We're seeing them now coming down the what's called the golden water bridge. It's on the north side of Changan Lu - the eternal peace street as it translates, many people are familiar of course with Tiananmen Square on the south side of that street and also the buildings that we see there and just beyong that north of that is the Forbidden City.


This is a new type of ceremony it was changed on January 1st, 8 trumpeters will play on the Tiananmen buildings rostrum and then guards will be on the as we seen descending now from that bridge.


As somebody who studies China, you'll know quite well that I think it's quite interesting how Chinese people see their destiny as a collective destiny they share with the state, which is often very different than how people in the west see their relation with the state. What do you make of the fact that so many people from across China really turn out to take part in this sort of celebration.


"One of the reason I feel they also take part in the celebration is because China went through traumatic circumstances it was not easy to win the war against fascism and to be liberated in the way they were. And China has this profound history and this profound civilization of strength and benevolence etc. but it was during that last 100 years it really had to look inside it as to why it was such a failure and now that they have managed to get their act together it binds themselves that they must never have to go through that sort of circumstance again. And that's why they place faith in their leadership."


And just to let viewers know what they're watching, you're seeing 96 guards they're wearing the uniforms of the Army, Navy and Air Force crossing south, crossing Changan Lu towards Tiananmen Square. When they get there one representative from each of those units will join to raise the flag. The one in the Army's uniform will be the one that actually throws the flag while the other two watch holding their rifles. And of course this is all happening as the world is really watching China as you go to international forums and speaks and world leaders are watching. I'm not sure anybody in 1949 would have thought that China 2018 would really be this global powerhouse.


"Well absolutely and perhaps even as late as the 1970s people would not have expected China is where it is today. China today is almost a 13 trillion dollar economy, on pruchasing power parity comparisons it is the world's largest economy. So China has come a great distance, but this is also a moment of inflection right now the international system which had enabled its rise is now itself going through a period of reflection and disruption, so it's a difficult time for the Chinese themselves to navigate. So it comes at a difficult moment but I think it's important to stay united and to serve and to have a larger purpose and a larger goal ahead. "


Well pause in a second we're expecting the flag-raising ceremony to happen 46 seconds during which the national anthem will be played it's called march of the volunteers.


In China's diaspora community has really grown over years and there has been celebrations to mark China's National Day both here in the US and in places like South America in Peru. What do you make about the fact that China really now has this very global region, how might that change the dynamics of China's role in the world?


"How would it change the dynamics of China's role in the world is that it'll have a window into understanding other people's cultures. At the end of the day China needs to work collaboratively from people all across the world, and its diaspora can be China's ambassadors in all these countries and continents of the world. And perhaps if it listens more to its own diaspora, it will be able to engage these countries in the way they wish to be engaged especially at a time when it's going out in such a big way with so many capital intensive projects. So I think it's an asset of course."


And we hear the music playing there "ode to the motherland" as those 96 soldiers return north to the tiananmen building there. You can hear the accompaniment by the military orchestra, and this was taken over by the PLA from police guard that was done as of January 1st changing the effect the structure of the ceremony... 69 years anniversary of the People's Republic of China.