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2019-05-21 土拨鼠之日 5407 0 0  

The use of self-tracking and personal surveillancetechnologies has grown considerably over the last decade. There are now apps tomonitor people’s movement, health, mindfulness, sleep, eating habits and evensexual activity.
Some of the more thorny problems arise from appsdesigned to track others, like those made for parents to track their kids. Forexample, there are specific apps that allow parents to monitor their child’sGPS location, who they call, what they text, which apps they use, what theyview online and the phone number of their contacts.


As a bioethicist who specializes in the ethics ofemerging technologies, I worry that such tracking technologies are transformingprudent parenting into surveillance parenting.
Here are three reasons why.


1. Companies are tracking for profit
The first reason has to do with concerns over thetech itself.
Tracking apps are not primarily designed to keepchildren safe or help with parenting. They are designed to make money bygathering loads of information to be sold to other companies.
A 2017 report from a marketing research firmestimates that self-monitoring technologies for healthalone will reach gross revenues of US$71.9 billion by 2022.
The lion’s share of the profit is not in the deviceitself, but in the data drawn from its users.

1. 企业的目的是追求利润

To get as much data as they can, these apps workhard to keep one constantly using them via push notifications and other designtechniques.
This data is then often sold to other companies –including advertising agencies and political campaign firms. The primary aim ofthese devices is not people’s well-being, but the profit that can be made offof their data.
When parents track children, they help companiesmaximize their profits. Should a child’s information become de-anonymized andfall into the wrong hands, this could put one’s child at risk.


2. Risks of leaking private data
There are also significant privacy risks.
A 2014 study by the security firm Symantec foundthat even devices that do not appear to be traceable can still be trackedwirelessly, as a result of insufficient privacy features.

2. 有泄露私人数据的风险

That same year, a study by computer scientists atthe University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign found that many Android mobile healthapplications, for example, send unencrypted information over the Internet.Nearly all of these apps monitor one’s location. Researchers at MIT and theCatholic University of Louvain found that just four time-stamped locationscould uniquely identify 95% of individuals, making promises of anonymityhollow.
Information related to people’s whereabouts canreveal valuable data about them. In the case of children, their tracking datacould very easily be used by someone else.


3. It can break trust
Another reason why tracking one’s child isworrisome has to do with the risk of breaking their trust.
Social scientists have shown that trust is centralto close relationships, including healthy parent-child relationships. It isnecessary for the development of commitment and feelings of security. A child’ssense of personal privacy is a crucial component of this trust.
A 2019 study shows monitoring a child can underminethe sense of trust and bonding. In fact, it can become counterproductive to thepoint of pushing the child further towards rebellion.
This risk, I would argue, is perhaps far moreserious than those leading parents to track their children in the first place.

3. 会破坏孩子的信任感

A few exceptions
While I think that tracking one’s child is oftenunethical, there are some cases where it may be warranted.
If a parent has good reasons to suspect that theirchild is suicidal, involved in violent extremism, or engaged in otheractivities that threaten their life or that of others, the best course ofaction may involve breaking trust, invading privacy and monitoring the child.
But those are the exceptions, not the rule. Thinktwice before tracking your kids.



Martin Engelbrecht
Parents in the west have a tendency to over protecttheir young adults.
As parents we need to be continually explaining toour young adults the consequences for their actions. No to say don’t haveunprotected sex, how would you like HIV or a child now.


Explain possible consequences for poor decisions.Parents are continually running after these adults and stopping them fromthinking it’s an American mindset. The school system in Finnland is making thescholars think. We need to get as far away from the American mindsetas possible it’s toxic.


Jon Cloke
Many years ago I put a tracker on the desktop thatmy step-children used, a while after I moved in with my partner. It allowed meto see everything they looked at, emails, the whole nine yards.
This allowed me to:


1) See when the youngest was making arrangementswith his mates to truant from school and tell the school in advance when thiswas going to happen
2) Be forewarned when (again) the youngest fell outwith his friends at primary school and they told him by email they were goingto beat him up - I went round to their houses and told their parents and thatwas the end of that


3) Intercept an email from a girl who claimed thatthe middle kid (a girl) was flirting with her boyfriend and that she was goingto come to my step-kid’s school and stab her. This email was sent from theaccount of the boy alleged to have been flirted with and I scared the shit outof him so badly my step-daughter never heard word one out of either of themagain


The kinds of bad behaviour that children get up tohas been made much, much worse by social media and the online world, IMHO, andthe consequences are around us every day - bullying deaths, grooming ofchildren by paedophiles, etc. etc.
In the face of that reality, the arguments hereabout ‘respect’ and ‘privacy’ are frankly stupid. As far as I’m concerned, ifyou don’t take care to know what kinds of things are coming at your childonline, you’re failing as a parent.