India Is Becoming Its Own Silicon Valley


India has long branded itself as the world's leading outsourcing destination for global companies, particularly for those in the technology sector - but in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the time is ripe for the world's most populous country to reinvent itself.


Global protectionism - the fuel for innovation in India?


The country’s outsourcing industry was recently valued at $150 billion. Nevertheless, India's traditional big-ticket outsourcing contracts are under pressure owing to a combination of the changing technology climate; competition from other outsourcing destinations, such as the Philippines; a shift back to insourcing in nations, such as the UK; and, increasingly, the global shift towards protectionism.


Protectionist policies have been particularly prominent under the current administration in the US, which was historically one of the largest outsourcers to India. This protectionist approach and the rise in tax breaks for domestic job creation are beginning to erode the appeal of outsourcing.


How to become the next Silicon Valley


If India can continue to develop its urban centres and promote a Silicon Valley spirit of entrepreneurship, it could be in a prime position to achieve global tech hub status. Bengaluru in the south and Gurgaon in the north are two tech-savvy cities emblematic of India's rapid urbanization. The country is set to become the largest contributor to the world's urban population.


Measures population, connectivity, technology and R&D, education, economic output, corporate actity,construction, real estate investment and property prices.(photo)


The city of Gurgaon has transformed from a former agricultural wasteland into an urban sea of skyscrapers. It attracts multinational companies and global tech giants such as Google, Facebook, Zomato, Uber, and TripAdvisor, as well as local businesses. It has also quickly emerged as a hub for numerous services, from IT software and finance, to consulting.


With talent and colleges that rival that of the United States, India has long been known to be the world’s favorite outsourcing destination for global companies. Already, India-born engineers and scientist are CEOs and leaders at Fortune 500 companies like Google, Microsoft, Pepsi-co, Apple, Facebook, and many more. The question always comes down to why India has not produced its own Silicon Valley.


Unknown to many here in the United States, Indian city of Bangalore is a city that rivals Silicon Valley. Commonly referred to as the “Silicon Valley of India,” Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. Bengaluru has one of the most highly educated workforces in the world. Bengaluru is also the home to some of India’s largest tech companies including Infosys, Wipro, Mphasis, HCL Technologies, Tech Mahindra, and many more.

在美国许多人都不知道,印度城市班加罗尔是一个可以与硅谷匹敌的城市。班加罗尔通常被称为“印度硅谷”,是印度发展第二快的主要大都市。班加罗尔是世界上受教育程度最高的劳动力市场之一。班加罗尔也是印度一些最大的科技公司的所在地,包括Infosys、Wipro、Emphasis、HCL Technologies、tech Mahindra等。

Traditionally, India’s best and brightest tech talent and minds emigrated to the United States for lucrative job opportunities. But now the pendulum is swinging in the opposite direction. Indian engineers and founders are now moving back to India and putting their entrepreneurial spirit and engineering skills to use at home.


VICE correspondent Krishna Andavolu heads to the city of Bangalore to explore what may indeed be the world’s next Silicon Valley.

VICE传媒记者克里希纳·安达沃鲁(Krishna Andavolu)前往班加罗尔市,探索世界上下一个硅谷。