S-400 Triumf – The Power of the World’s Most Advanced Air Defense System

S-400 凯旋 –世界上最先进的防空系统的能力

December 15, 2020

2020年12月15日

The S-400 is intended to engage aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles, within the range of 400km, at an altitude of up to 30km.

S-400用于在与高度30公里和400公里范围内的飞机、弹道导弹和巡航导弹交战

Introduce

介绍

With the ability to maneuver with a high-precision missile system, with a range of up to 400 km, experts say the S-400 is one of the most powerful air defense systems in the world.

具有高精度机动能力导弹系统,射程可达400公里,专家称S-400是世界上最强大的防空系统之一。

The Russian S-400, known as the “Triumf” at home and better known to NATO as the SA-21 “Growler”, previously known as the S-300 PMU-3. It is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. It has been in service with the Russian Armed Forces since 2007. The S-400 uses four missiles to fill its performance envelope.

俄罗斯的 S-400,在国内被称为“凯旋” ,北约更熟悉的名称是 SA-21“咆哮者” ,以前被称为 S-300 PMU-3。它是俄罗斯阿尔马兹中央设计局在上世纪90年代开发的防空武器系统,是 S-300系列的升级产品。自2007年以来,它一直服役于俄罗斯武装部队。S-400使用了四枚导弹执行它的任务。

Development of the S-400 system began in the late 1980s, and the system was announced by the Russian Air Force in January 1993. The first tests were performed in 1999. Development was finally completed in 2004. After a lot of testing, In 2007, the system was approved for service.

S-400系统的开发始于1980年代后期,1993年1月俄罗斯空军公布了该系统。第一次测试是在1999年进行的。开发工作最终于2004年完成。经过大量的测试,该系统在2007年被批准投入使用。

The S-400 is also aimed at the export customers. China is the first country outside Russia that owns this air defense system. Turkey and India have ordered S-400 complexes worth billions of dollars despite warnings from the US. Countries like Qatar and Saudi Arabia have also expressed interest in buying S-400 to strengthen their defenses. S-400 Triumf and Pantsir missile system can be integrated into a two-layer defense system.

S-400也面向出口客户。中国是俄罗斯外第一个拥有这种防空系统的国家。土耳其和印度不顾美国的警告,订购了价值数十亿美元的 S-400设备。卡塔尔和沙特阿拉伯等国也表示有兴趣购买 S-400强化防御。S-400凯旋潘迪尔导弹系统可以组合成一个双层防御系统。

System configuration

系统配置

The S-400 is intended to engage aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles, within the range of 400km, at an altitude of up to 30km. The system can simultaneously engage 36 targets. The S-400 Triumph air defence system integrates a multifunction radar, autonomous detection and targeting systems, anti-aircraft missile systems, launchers, and command and control centre.

S-400目标在与高度30公里和400公里范围内与飞机、弹道导弹和巡航导弹作战。该系统可以同时攻击36个目标。S-400凯旋号防空系统集成了多功能雷达、自主探测和瞄准系统、防空导弹系统、发射器和指挥控制中心。

The S-400 can also launch missiles of the S-300PMU2. A single TEL vehicle can carry a mix of four missiles, depending on specific threat environment.

S-400还可以发射 S-300PMU2型导弹。根据特别的紧急情况,一辆 TEL 车可以搭载四枚导弹。

The first missile added to the system is the very-long-range 40N6. It has a claimed range of 400 km. This missile has active radar homing and is used against AWACS, J-STARS, EA-6B support jammers and other high value targets.

该系统配备的第一种导弹是超远程40N6。据称它的射程为400公里。这种导弹有主动雷达导引,用于对付 AWACS、 J-STARS、 EA-6B 电子战飞机和其他高价值目标。

The second missile added is the long-range 48N6 with a maximum range of 230 km.

配备的第二种导弹是远程48N6,最大射程230公里。


It can be said that the S-400 is the real game changer. The 9M96E2 is one of the jewels of the S-400 system. It flies at Mach 15, it can engage targets as low as 5 meters off the ground, and it can maneuver pulling up to 20 Gs. It is designed to knock out penetrating aircraft and missiles flying “off the deck” or just above ground and neutralize cruise missiles.

可以说 S-400是真正的游戏规则改变者。9M96E2是 S-400系统的宝贝之一。它以15马赫的速度飞行,可以攻击距地面5米以上的目标,可以机动到20g。它的目的是击毁“飞离甲板”或仅仅在地平线上飞行的犀利的飞机和导弹,并防御巡航导弹。


Sensor and radar systems

传感器和雷达系统

The S-400 has optional acquisition radars designed to defeat modern stealth aircraft such as the F-22 and the F-35. They work by operating in multiple frequency bands including both VHF and L bands that can “see” stealth-protected fighters.

S-400有光学探测雷达,用于击败例如 F-22和 F-35等现代隐形战机。他们的工作在多种频段,包括VHF频和L波段,可以“看到”隐形战斗机。


The fire control and target tracking radar of the S-400 is the 92N6E. The radar is based on the MZKT-7930 8×8 vehicle. The 96L6 Cheese Board 3D surveillance and tracking radar is optionally carried by the same vehicle when the S-400 battery is deployed autonomously.

S-400的火控和目标跟踪雷达是92N6E。该雷达装在 mzkt-79308 × 8运输车上。当 S-400自动部署时,96L6 Cheese Board 3D 监视和跟踪雷达方便地由同一辆车携带。

The S-400 is two-times more effective than previous Russian air defence systems and can be deployed within five minutes. It can also be integrated into the existing and future air defence units of the Air Force, Army, and the Navy.

S-400防空系统是以前的俄罗斯防空系统效率的两倍,可在5分钟内部署完毕。它还可以整合到现有的和未来的空军、陆军和海军防空部门。


Operators

操作员

The Russians have definitely made a breakthrough with sales of weapons to some NATO countries with uncertain futures in the bloc and strong US client countries such as Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states such as the UAE.

俄罗斯向一些北约国家和沙特阿拉伯等强大的美国附庸国以及阿联酋等海湾国家出售武器,无疑取得了突破性进展。



But all the above specifications are only on paper. We haven’t seen any real battle with S-400 to see its true power. Let’s wait and see.

但是上述所有的规格都只是纸上谈兵。我们还没有看到任何 S-400实战记录,看到它的真正力量。让我们拭目以待。