New Delhi: India now ranks 94th among 107 countries in terms of hunger, and continues to be in the ‘severe’ hunger category according to the Global Hunger Index 2020. According to the study, 14% of India’s population is undernourished.

新德里:就饥饿程度而言,印度目前在107个国家中排名第94位,根据2020年全球饥饿指数,印度仍处于“严重”饥饿状态。根据这项研究,印度有14%的人口营养不良。



India ranks lower than most of its South Asian neighbours – Pakistan (88), Nepal (73), Bangladesh (75), Sri Lanka (64) and Myanmar (78) – and only Afghanistan fares worse, at 99th place. The statistics for Bhutan are not available.

印度的排名低于大多数南亚邻国——巴基斯坦(88),尼泊尔(73),孟加拉国(75),斯里兰卡(64)和缅甸(78)——只有阿富汗的情况更糟,排在第99位。没有不丹的统计数字。


South Asia has the highest child wasting rate for any region, and India is the worst performer. At 17.3%, India’s child wasting rate is only slightly better than it was last year, at 20.8%. Child stunting is also extremely high across South Asia. “Data from 1991 through 2014 for Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan showed that stunting is concentrated among children from households facing multiple forms of deprivation, including poor dietary diversity, low levels of maternal education, and household poverty,” the report found.

在所有地区中,南亚的儿童消瘦率最高,而印度在其中表现最差。印度的儿童消瘦率为17.3%,仅比去年的20.8%略好一点。南亚的儿童发育迟缓率也非常高。报告发现,“孟加拉国、印度、尼泊尔和巴基斯坦1991年至2014年的数据显示,发育迟缓主要集中在那些面临多种形式的贫困家庭的儿童身上,这些家庭包括饮食缺乏多样化、产妇教育水平低和家庭贫困。”

One positive in the report on India is the reduction in under-five mortality. However, this doesn’t mean the problem is over: “India—the region’s most populous country—experienced a decline in under-five mortality in this period, driven largely by decreases in deaths from birth asphyxia or trauma, neonatal infections, pneumonia, and diarrhea. However, child mortality caused by prematurity and low birthweight increased, particularly in poorer states and rural areas. Prevention of prematurity and low birthweight is identified as a key factor with the potential to reduce under-five mortality in India, through actions such as better antenatal care, education, and nutrition as well as reductions in anemia and oral tobacco use,” the study recommends.

报告中关于印度的一个积极方面是五岁以下儿童的死亡率下降了。然而,这并不意味着问题已经解决了:“印度——该地区人口最多的国家——在此期间五岁以下儿童的死亡率出现了下降,这主要是由于出生窒息或外伤、新生儿感染、肺炎和腹泻导致的死亡率下降。但是,早产和低出生体重造成的儿童死亡率却增加了,特别是在较贫穷的邦和农村地区。通过改善产前护理、教育和营养以及减少贫血和吸食烟草等活动,预防早产和低出生体重被认为是降低印度五岁以下儿童死亡率的一个关键因素,”该研究建议。

According to the 2020 GHI, no country that has been ranked falls in the “extremely alarming” category on hunger. Three countries – Chad, Timor-Leste and Madagascar – have come under the “alarming” category.

根据2020年全球健康行动计划(GHI),在饥饿问题上,没有一个国家的排名下降到“极其令人担忧”的级别。乍得、东帝汶和马达加斯加这三个国家被列为“令人担忧的”国家。