Top Five Fighters to Modernise Ethiopia’s Air Force: From the F-16V and J-10C to a Next Generation Su-57 Jet

埃塞俄比亚空军追求现代化可选择的前五名战斗机:从F-16V和J-10C到下一代Su-57喷气式飞机


Ethiopia’s Su-27s are today outperformed by a number of African fighters including the Su-30 jets deployed by Algeria, Angola and Uganda, the MiG-29M jets deployed by Egypt, and the Su-35 which the Egyptian Air Force will begin to receive by the end of 2020. With Egypt posing a potential threat to Ethiopian security, and having seriously enhanced the capabilities of its own fighter fleet since a change in government in 2013, Ethiopia has further incentive to quickly improve its air defence capabilities - the first signs of which are already apparent. A look at the five leading candidates to replace Ethiopia’s complementary Su-27 and MiG-23 fighters is given below.

今天,埃塞俄比亚的Su-27战机比许多非洲战斗机都要好(原文),包括阿尔及利亚,安哥拉和乌干达部署的Su-30战机,埃及部署的MiG-29M战机以及埃及空军将在2020年底开始接收的Su-35。埃及对埃塞俄比亚的安全构成了潜在威胁,其自2013年政府换届以来已大大增强了其战斗机编队的能力,因此埃塞俄比亚被深深刺激去快速提高其防空能力,这是一个非常明显的信号。下面是可替代埃塞俄比亚的Su-27和MiG-23战斗机的五种主要候选机型。


F-16V
Although far from an ideal choice from a purely military perspective, purchasing the F-16V from the United States does offer political benefits particularly since the Donald Trump administration has sought to use diplomatic pressure as a means of increasing American arms sales. The lightweight fighter has a low operational cost and could effectively replace the MiG-23 in a strike role, although its airfrx design dates back to 1978 and neither that nor its engines have seen any outstanding changes since. The fighter does integrate an advanced AESA radar and formidable electronic warfare systems, although it is unlikely to hold its own against more advanced fighter designs such as the Su-30 or Su-35 and at closer ranges would even struggle against the older Su-27 Ethiopia already fields, however, Ethiopia may choose this aircraft for political reasons.

尽管从纯粹的军事角度来看并不是理想的选择,但从美国购买F-16V确实从政治上获益,特别是因为唐纳德·特朗普政府寻求利用外交压力来增加美国的武器销售。这个轻型战斗机使用成本低,能够有效的替代MiG-23的打击角色。尽管其机身设计可追溯到1978年,但自那以后其引擎都没有发生任何显着的优化。这种战斗机没有整合先进的AESA雷达和强大的电子战系统,尽管它不可能对抗更先进的Su-30或者 Su-35,但在近距离作战中可以对抗埃塞俄比亚已有的老旧Su-27。埃塞俄比亚更有可能是出于政治原因选择这款战斗机。

J-10C
A third potential replacement for the MiG-23, the J-10C may well be the most cost effective option and provides a range of next generation features which competitors lack. The fighter is a lightweight single engine ‘4++ generation’ jet which integrates a multiple of advanced features from thrust vectoring engines to stealth coatings and AESA radar guided PL-15 missiles.- which if acquired would be the most capable air to air missiles on the African continent. The fighter is also highly potent in a strike role, notably deploying the YJ-91 cruise missile and able to deploy a range of modern guided bombs. Ethiopia has not historically been a client for Chinese aircraft, but close relations and economic ties between the two states could lead to a J-10C purchase to further strengthen ties and to diversify the air force away from a heavy reliance on Russian hardware.

作为第三款潜在的MiG-23替代品,J-10C可能是最佳选项,能够提供一系统对手缺乏的下一代战机功能。这是一款轻型的单发4++喷气式战斗机,整合了从矢量推进发动机到隐身涂层和AESA雷达制导PL-15导弹多种先进功能。如果获得将会是非洲大陆上能力最强的空空导弹。战斗机在打击方面也非常有力,特别是携带的YJ-91巡航导弹以及一系列现代制导炸弹。埃塞俄比亚以往不是中国飞机的客户,但因为两个国家紧密关系和密切的经济联系,可能促成J-10C的购买以加强两国关系,并减少对俄罗斯硬件的依赖。

Su-57
The Su-57 was designed as a direct successor to the Su-27 and Su-30 for both the Russian Air Force and for export clients, with a number of Su-27 operators such as Vietnam, China, India and Algeria all showing interest in and expected to eventually place orders for the fighter. Although currently considered a fifth gyration fighter, the Su-57 integrates a wide range of features not found on any other fifth generation aircraft ranging from laser defence systems to cheek and rear mounted radars. The fighter is currently being used as a testbed for a range of sixth generation technologies. While the fighter’s heavy weight means it will have a high operational cost, this may not be much higher than that of the early Su-27 variants Ethiopia currently deploys which were built using much less sophisticated techniques, meaning a single Su-57 squadron could be affordable.

苏57
Su-57是为俄罗斯空军和出口客户设计的Su-27和Su-30的后继产品,越南、中国、印度和阿尔及利亚等许多以往Su-27客户都表现出了浓厚的兴趣,有可能订购该款战斗机。尽管目前不被认为是标准的第五代战斗机,但Su-57集成了许多其他第五代飞机所没有的功能,从激光防御系统到后置雷达。该战斗机目前被用作一系列第六代技术的试验台。作为重型战斗机,这意味着它将具有很高的使用成本,但这可能不会比埃塞俄比亚目前部署的Su-27早期型号要高得多,后者使用的技术要复杂得多,这意味着可以负担得起的一个Su-57中队。