Danzel Samuel upxed August 18
I’m surprised that nobody has mentioned Brunei.The oil-rich country has been hugely dependant on oil ever since it’s existence. It is their main source of income. 90% of their exports are oil and gas as of 2018.

我感到奇怪的是,竟然没有人提到文莱。这个石油资源丰富的国家自存在以来就非常依赖石油。这是文莱的主要收入来源。截至2018年,文莱90%的出口是石油和天然气。



图一:2018年文莱最大的出口产品及出口伙伴国份额




图二:2010年至2020年文莱国内生产总值(2020年为预测值)

It’s GDP annual growth is also not looking good. It’s fluctuating between recession and growth.

文莱的国内生产总值(GDP)年增长率看起来也不太好。它在衰退和增长之间波动。



图三:文莱2017年至2020年各季度GDP增长率

Looking from this, a good way to counter this would be to diversify the economy, like what Saudi Arabia did to counter the oil crash. However, they increased their oil production, despite a global oversupply.“Production will be continued in Brunei and I’ve had a discussion with Brunei Shell Petroleum Co Sdn Bhd (BSP) on this matter as well, and this is the time when you really need to make sure that you always have a diversified portfolio of buyers, ” said the minister.

从这个角度来看,应对这一问题的一个好办法是实现经济多元化,就像沙特阿拉伯在应对石油危机时所做的那样。然而,尽管全球供应过剩,这些国家的石油产量仍增加了。文莱一个部长说:“文莱将继续生产,我也与文莱壳牌石油公司就这个问题进行了讨论,现在是真正需要确保拥有一个多样化的买家组合的时候了。”

They actually had the opportunity to introduce tourism but sharia law killed any chance of tourists spending their dollars. It has also tarnished its public image.The decline has also affected it’s people. Youth unemployment is at 25%, the highest in ASEAN. Its unemployment rate is at 9.12%.
Unless Brunei diversifies their economy, it will continue to decline. It’s brightest will leave for greener pastures.

文莱实际上有机会引入旅游业,但伊斯兰教法扼杀了游客花钱的任何机会,这也损害了文莱的公众形象。人口的下降也影响到了文莱的人口。文莱的青年失业率高达25%,是东盟国家中最高的。总和失业率高达9.12%。除非文莱实现经济多元化,否则它将继续走下坡路。最光明的前途是离开这儿去寻找更绿的牧场。



图四:东盟各国青年失业率



图五:文莱历年总和失业率