By Allen Kim, CNN MIT has designed a robot that is capable of disinfecting the floor of a 4,000-square foot warehouse in only half an hour, and it could one day be used to clean your local grocery store or school.

文章作者Allen Kim, CNN
麻省理工已经设计了能够在仅仅半小时内,消毒一层4000平方英尺的仓库的机器人。有朝一日它可能用于你的本地超市或者学校里面。


Friday, July 3rd 2020, 6:09 PM HST
upxed:
Saturday, July 4th 2020, 4:54 AM HST
By Allen Kim, CNN

文章时间:2020年七月三日,6:09PM。
更新:2020年七月四日,4:54AM。
作者:Allen Kim,CNN


MIT has designed a robot that is capable of disinfecting the floor of a 4,000-square foot warehouse in only half an hour, and it could one day be used to clean your local grocery store or school.

麻省理工已经设计了能够在仅仅半小时内,消毒一层4000平方英尺的仓库的机器人。有朝一日它可能用于你本地超市或者学校里面。

The university''''s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) worked with Ava Robotics -- a company that focuses on creating telepresence robots -- and the Greater Boston Food Bank (GBFB) to develop a robot that uses a custom UV-C light to disinfect surfaces and neutralize aerosolized forms of the coronavirus.

该大学的计算机科学与人工智能实验室(CSAIL)和Ava Robotics公司----一家专注于创造远程在线机器人的公司,还有大波士顿食品银行(GBFB)。三方合作研发出了利用新式的紫外线杀菌消毒灯来消毒物体表面和消灭雾化形式的新冠病毒的机器人。


Covid-19 mainly spreads via airborne transmission, and it is capable of remaining on surfaces for several days. With states across the US reporting a surge in cases and no concrete timetable for a possible vaccine, there is currently no near-term end to the pandemic. That leaves schools and supermarkets looking for solutions to effectively disinfect areas.

新冠主要的传播途径是空气传播,而且可以在物体表面存活好几天。随着美国目前被报道病例的大幅度增加并且没有明确的疫苗研发日期,目前来看疫情很难在短期之内结束。这就让学校和超市只能另外寻找有效消毒室内环境的方法了。

While household cleaning solutions are able to reduce the spread of the virus, an autonomous robot capable of quickly and efficiently cleaning large areas such as warehouses or grocery stores could prove to be essential. The researchers used the base of one of Ava Robotics'''' mobile robots and modified it with a custom UV-C light fixture.

家居清洁方案能减少病毒的传播。一个自动化并且能有效清洁大面积区域,例如仓库或者超市,这样的机器人就被证明是很有用的了。研究人员利用了Ava Robotics公司的一种移动机器人的底座并且加以改造,加装上了新式的紫外线杀菌消毒灯。

UV-C light has proven effective at killing bacteria and viruses on surfaces, the researchers said. However, it is harmful to humans. The robot was built to be autonomous without the need for any direct supervision or interaction.

紫外线杀菌消毒灯已经被证明了能够有效的杀死物体表面的细菌和病毒,研究人员说到。但是,它也对人体有害。所以该机器人已经被设计成全自动化,无需员工的监督或者操作。



The UV-C array affixed to the top of the mobile robot emits a short-wavelength ultraviolet light that kills microorganisms and disrupts their DNA in a process called ultraviolet germicidal irradiation, the researchers said. This process is typically used in hospital or medical settings to sterilize rooms and stop the spread of microorganisms.

研究人员说到,机器人顶部安装的UV-C模块会发射出短波紫外线来杀死微生物,和在一个叫做紫外线杀菌照射的过程中扰乱它们的DNA。这种流程一般在医院或者医疗环境中用于消毒房间和阻止微生物的传播。

While the team is currently focused on a single robot that is deployed at the food bank, the team said that they are exploring what "multi-robot solutions may look like in the future."

目前研究团队正在专注于部署在食品银行的单个机器人,但是他们说未来会探索“多个机器人的消毒方案”。