All the new features iOS 14 borrows from Android

IOS14中所有的新功能都“借鉴”了安卓。


iOS 14 is here, and it brings a bunch of big new features to Apple’s operating system — including a few that should look pretty familiar to Android users who have had similar functionality for some time.

IOS14来了,它给苹果的操作系统带来了一系列的新功能,其中一些功能在Android用户看来应该是相当熟悉的,安卓用户已经拥有类似功能一段时间了。

It’s the eternal cycle of software platforms: Google’s good ideas will almost always end up on iOS at some point, even as the next version of Android will, no doubt, crib some ideas from Apple.

这是各个软件平台的永恒循环:谷歌的好创意几乎总是会在某个时候出现在iOS系统中,而下一个版本的Android也无疑会抄袭苹果的一些创意。


HOME SCREEN WIDGETS

主屏幕小部件

The big one: after years of keeping the iOS home screen static, Apple is finally allowing users to add widgets to their home screens. Widgets have been one of the core differentiating features between Android and iOS going back to the very first iteration of Android, and it’s a feature that Google would continue to expand on over the years, allowing custom sizes, third-party support, and a gallery with previews of those widgets — all features that Apple is using in its own widgets on iOS.

一个大问题是:在 iOS多年的主屏幕静态化后,苹果终于允许用户在主屏幕上添加小部件了。主屏幕小部件一直是Android和iOS之间的核心区别功能之一,可以追溯到Android系统的第一次迭代,而且这是谷歌多年来将持续扩展的一个功能,即允许定制大小、允许第三方支持,还有一个带有这些小部件预览的图库,这次苹果在iOS自己的小部件中使用了所有这些功能。

In fact, Apple is taking a lot of cues from Google with the new iOS 14 home screen experience, including...

事实上,苹果在iOS14新的主屏幕体验上、从谷歌那里获得了很多的启发,包括:

APP LIST VIEW

APP列表视图

Apple calls its iteration of this “the App Library,” but it’s similar to Google’s app drawer: a list of every app on your phone, regardless of its visibility on the home screen. (Apple will let users manually hide apps so that they’ll only appear in the App Library view, too.) Unlike Android, which is just a straight list of all the apps, Apple’s App Library automatically sorts apps into different categories, like social, entertainment, or Apple Arcade.

苹果称其迭代的性功能为“APP库”,但它类似于谷歌的APP列表:一种包含了你手机上所有APP的列表,不管它在主屏幕上的可见性如何。(苹果将允许用户手动隐藏APP,以便它们只出现在App库”视图中。)与Android不同,Android的只是所有APP的一个直接列表,而苹果的“App库”则会自动将应用程序分类为不同的类别,如社交、娱乐或Apple Arcade游戏订阅服务。

THIRD-PARTY DEFAULT EMAIL AND BROWSER APPS

第三方默认电子邮件、和默认浏览器APP

This is less “borrowing from Android” and more “something Apple has been capable of doing for years but intentionally had decided not to.” iOS 14 will finally allow users to choose their own default email and browser apps, instead of using Mail and Safari.

这个并不是“向Android借鉴”的,而是“苹果多年来一直能够做到的事情,但苹果故意决定不做。”iOS14最终将允许用户选择自己默认的电子邮件和浏览器APP,而不是使用“邮件”和Safari浏览器。



DISCREET VOICE ASSISTANT AND CALLS

考虑周到的语音助手和通话界面

Apple is debuting a new “discreet” view for Siri in iOS 14, where the voice assistant will appear with a small icon at the bottom of the screen, instead of taking over the entire display. Results of queries will similarly appear in smaller windows at the top of the screen, without blocking the rest of the display (which is also similar to how Google Assistant works on Android, although its results are shown in a small window at the bottom of the display, not the top).

苹果在iOS 14中首次发布了Siri的一个新的“考虑周到”视图,在这个视图中,语音助手将在屏幕底部显示一个小图标,而不是占据整个屏幕。同样,语音助手的查询结果、会出现在屏幕顶部的较小窗口中,而不会挡住其余的显示(这也类似于Google Assistant在Android上的工作方式,尽管安卓的查询结果显示在屏幕底部的一个小窗口中,而不是顶部)。

Apple’s new “compact calls” design — which also prevents incoming calls from blotting out the whole screen — is akin to an option on Android.

苹果新的“紧凑型通话图框”设计,也可以防止来电遮住整个屏幕,类似于Android上的一个选项。


APP SLICES / APP CLIPS

APP分割

One of the more interesting ideas being added in iOS 14 is the new App Clips feature, which will allow developers to slice out parts of their apps in small packages, letting users get key features without having to install a whole app. It’s an interesting idea and one that Google has taken a few cracks at over the years with Android P’s app “slices” in 2018 and Android’s instant apps in 2017. We’ll have to wait to see if Apple’s attempt will manage to help this idea finally break through to the mainstream.

iOS 14中添加的一个更有趣的点子,就是新的App Clips功能,它将允许开发者在小软件包中分割出部分的APP,使用户无需安装整个APP即可获得关键功能,这是一个有趣的点子,也是谷歌多年来尝试过的一个点子,如在2018年的安卓P上的“分割”功能,以及2017年的即时APP功能。我们还需要等一等,看看苹果的尝试能否帮助这一想法最终成为主流。


CYCLING DIRECTIONS

自行车导航

Apple Maps has been playing catch-up to Google Maps for a while, but each new iOS upxe has brought Apple’s app closer and closer to Google’s leading standard. To that end, iOS 14 adds new cycling features that give directions specifically for bike riding, which factors in things like elevation, stairs, and bike routes. (Google introduced the feature to Google Maps all the way back in 2010.) Apple’s version is only in a few cities so far (NYC, LA, San Fransisco’s Bay Area, Shanghai, and Beijing), but if the rest of Apple Maps is anything to go by, the company will be looking to catch up fast.

一段时间以来,苹果地图一直在追赶谷歌地图,但每一次iOS更新都让苹果的APP越来越接近谷歌的领先标准。为此,iOS14增加了新的自行车功能,专门为自行车骑行提供导航,其中包括海拔、楼层和自行车路线等因子(谷歌早在2010年就将这一功能引入了谷歌地图)。苹果的版本目前只在少数几个城市(纽约、洛杉矶、旧金山湾区、上海和北京)推出,但如果苹果地图的其他部分有什么进展的话,谷歌地图也将寻求快速追赶。


TRANSLATE

翻译

Another of Google’s most iconic services, Google Translate, is getting an Apple equivalent with iOS 14. Like Google Translate, Apple’s version allows users to translate typed and spoken phases in the Translate app, as well as offers integrated support with Safari to translate entire webpages. Apple’s version has a far more limited list of languages, with just 11 supported at launch.

至于谷歌最具代表性的另一项服务“谷歌翻译”,苹果在IOS14中也将推出与之相当的产品。与谷歌翻译一样,苹果的版本允许用户在“翻译APP”中、对手动打字和语音输入进行翻译,并提供与Safari的集成支持,以翻译整个网页。苹果版本的翻译APP的语言列表要少得多,其发布时仅支持11种语言。

PICTURE-IN-PICTURE

画中画

Not a first for Apple’s software, but new to the iPhone this year is picture-in-picture. Added back in Android 8.0 (and to the iPad in iOS 11), the iPhone is finally getting a picture-in-picture mode, which can be used to play videos on top of whatever other apps you’re using.

虽然并非苹果软件第一次拥有画中画功能,但对于今年的iPhone新品来说还是第一次。Android 8.0时就有这个功能(iPAD上的IOS11也有这个功能),iPhone终于获得了画中画功能,可以在你使用的任何其他APP时同时播放视频。

Usefully, picture-in-picture also supports FaceTime calls, so you can continue chatting without having to keep the FaceTime app open.

比较实用的是,画中画功能还支持FaceTime调用,因此您可以持续聊天,而无需保持FaceTime APP一直开着。

PASSWORD MONITORING

密码监视

Introduced by Google at the end of last year, Safari is also getting a version of Chrome’s password alx feature, which will notify users when a password they’re using has been compromised in a data breach.

这是谷歌在去年年底推出的一项功能,现在Safari浏览器也推出了这项功能,当用户使用的密码被泄露时,该功能会通知用户。


TIE: BACK TAP

敲击后盖:

Apple is including a new option that will let you add a “back tap” button of sorts to trigger an action (like launching an app or taking a screenshot) — similar to a double-tap gesture Google is also working on for Pixel phones in Android 11. Given that neither has actually shipped yet, I’m ruling this one a tie — sometimes, great minds do think alike.
Correction: This article originally stated that Google did not offer a compact call setting on its Pixel phones, which was incorrect — Pixel phones offer a similar feature when unlocked.

苹果公司正在推出一个新的选项,让你添加一个“敲击后盖”按钮来触发一个动作(比如启动一个APP或截图),类似于谷歌在Android 11中为pixel手机开发的双击手势。考虑到这二者都还没有实际铺货,我认为这是一个平局,有时,伟大的想法是一致的。