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Defense spending. How's the level of spending in your country? Is it higher/lower than expected? How is the state of your armed forces with regard to spending?

你们国家的国防开支水平如何?是高于还是低于你的预期?在这样的开支下,你们国家的军队状态如何?



Over the past five years, China has significantly upped its financial and personnel contributions to UN peacekeeping initiatives to rebrand the Chinese position in the international balance of power. From providing roughly 3 percent of total financial contributions in 2013, China currently contributes 10.25 percent of the UN peacekeeping budget. Beijing’s increased financial commitment can most explicitly be seen from President Xi Jinping’s pledge, at the 2015 Peacekeeping Leaders’ Summit in New York, to contribute $1 billion to peacekeeping over the next five years. In line with its financial support, China has also trained 8,000 People’s Liberation Army troops to serve as a permanent standby militia for UN peacekeeping operations. Because of these grand maneuvers, UN Secretary-General António Guterres stated that China stands to become an “honest broker” and “bridge-builder” in international conflict.

在过去的五年里,中国对联合国维和行动的资金和人员贡献有了大幅的增加,重塑了中国在国际力量平衡中的地位。中国为联合国维和行动的财政贡献,从2013年的大约3%,到目前的10.25%。中国对财政投入的增加,可以从2015纽约维和领导峰会上,中国承诺在未来五年为维和行动贡献10亿美元看出来。随着资金的支持,中国还训练了8000名解放军,作为联合国维和行动的常备民兵。正是由于这些大动作,联合国秘书长安东尼奥•古特雷斯表示,在国际冲突中,中国将成为一个“诚实的协商者”和“桥梁搭建者”。

China’s ascendancy in UN peacekeeping engagement is contrasted by the United States’ recent cutbacks in both financial and personnel contributions. On March 21, the U.S. Congress decided to reduce its foreign aid spending by $3.4 billion (roughly 6 percent) for the 2018 fiscal year. Similarly, U.S. Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley proclaimed on March 28 that the United States was “just getting started” after announcing that Washington will no longer shoulder more than 25 percent of the total UN peacekeeping budget.

美国最近削减了在财政和人员方面的贡献,这与中国在联合国维和行动中的优势形成了鲜明的对比。3月21日,美国国会决定将2018财年的对外援助支出削减34亿美元(大约6%)。此外,在华盛顿宣布不再承担联合国维和总预算的25%以上之后,美国驻联合国大使妮基•黑利3月28日说:“这才刚刚开始”。

While Beijing’s presence and investment in UN peacekeeping has drastically increased, Chinese influence in the UNPKO hierarchy has not exhibited the same growth. Although Beijing has provided more peacekeeping troops than all of the other members of the P5 combined since 2012, a Chinese national has not held a senior post on any of the 16 current UNPKO missions. Beijing has in the past year expressed interest in having one of its own in a top UNPKO post, and given China’s continued successes the argument in its favor is getting stronger and stronger.

尽管中国在联合国维和行动中的存在和投资大幅增加,但中国在联合国维和行动领导层中的影响力却没有得到同样的增长。尽管自2012年以来,中国提供的维和部队数量超过了P5成员国的总和,但在目前的16项维和行动中,没有一名中国人担任高级职位。在过去的一年里,中国对让自己的一名官员担任维和行动的高层职位表示出了兴趣。鉴于中国持续取得的成功,支持中国的理由越来越强。