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11 facts you learned about US history that are false


Some things you've learned in school may havesince been proven false, and that is especially true when it comes to UShistory.Many say history is written by the winner, leaving much of the truthout. In recent years, historians and experts have been coming forward to revealthe true stories around some of America's biggest historical events.


From the first Thanksgiving to the moon landing,here's everything your teacher may have gotten wrong about American history.


MYTH: Christopher Columbus discovered America.


TRUTH: As early as primary school, most of uslearned that Christopher Columbus discovered America, but that is not accurate.In fact, the Spanish explorer never even entered North America. On his fourtrips across the Atlantic, starting in 1492,Columbus explored the Caribbeanislands of the Bahamas and Cuba. He also couldn't have discovered America becauseNative Americans were already living there. In fact, Columbus is not even thefirst European to explore the Americas. That honor goes to the Norse explorerLeif Erikson who sailed to the Western Hemisphere over 400 years earlier. Thenwhy is Columbus such a notable figure in American history? It's most likelybecause he started a new age of exploration and his trips to the New World ledto colonization.


MYTH: Christopher Columbus sailed on the Niña,Pinta, and Santa Maria.


MYTH: The first Thanksgiving was a peaceful andjoyous meal shared between the Pilgrims and Native Americans.


TRUTH: In school, most were taught that thePilgrims came over on the Mayflower and sought help from the Native Americansto survive in the New World. In 1620, the two groups supposedly came togetherfor a three-day feast to celebrate their relationship and new lives together.But many historians say this was not the case. The two groups had a lot ofhostile feelings towards each other. The Pilgrims viewed Native Americans assavages, and stole their farmland. They also killed more than 90% of the nativepopulation with smallpox, brought over on the Mayflower. These hostile conditions,historians believe, did not lead to a celebratory first Thanksgiving. In fact,some say the Native Americans were not even invited to the feast.


MYTH: Witches were burned at the stake at theSalem witch trials.


MYTH: George Washington had wooden teeth.


TRUTH: The first president of the United States,George Washington, did not, in fact, have wooden teeth. But he did have a lotof dental issues. The former war general wore dentures made of ivory, gold, andlead. But wood was never used in dentures and it was definitely not found inWashington's mouth. No one truly knows how or why this rumor started. Somehistorians say that the ivory may have been worn down, therefore having agrainy, wooden appearance, confusing early observers.


MYTH: The Declaration of Independence was signedon July 4, 1776.


TRUTH: While many believe we are celebrating theDeclaration of Independence's signing on the Fourth of July, it was actuallysigned in August of 1776. The confusion lies in the fact that July 4 was theday the final edition of the document was agreed upon. It was the deadline theContinental Congress gave itself and wrote down, though it wouldn't be signedfor another month.


MYTH: Thomas Edison invented the light bulb.


MYTH: Neil Armstrong said, "One small step forman, one giant leap for mankind," when he landed on the moon.


TRUTH: If you examine the famous line uttered byNeil Armstrong in 1969, you realize it doesn't really make sense. Because"man" and "mankind" essentially meant the same thing, ifhis famous line was accurate, what he basically said was, "that's onesmall step for mankind, one giant leap for mankind." Upon returning home,Armstrong clarified that he did say "one small step for a man," whichmakes much more sense. Peter Shann Ford, a computer programmer, said he foundproof that the missing "a" was actually just lost in transmissionback to Earth.

事实:如果你仔细检查尼尔·阿姆斯特朗在1969年说过的这句名言,你会意识到它实际上讲不通。因为"man"and "mankind"本质上是指的同一事物,如果他的名言是准确的,他基本上说的是“这是人类的一小步,却是人类的一大步”。回到地球后,阿姆斯特朗澄清他的确说过“一个人的一小步”,这样就讲得通了。一名叫做彼得·尚恩·福特计算机程序设计员称,他发现了证据证明缺少的“A”实际上在传输回地球的过程中丢失了。