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Paul Rainn, D.B.A. Rainn Enterprises. Sole Proprietorship (2006-present)
In all probability, none of the nine countries currently possesing nuclear weapons (US, UK, France, Russia, China, India, Israel, Pakistan, and North Korea) are staying up nights thinking of ways to murder millions of people in a flash of nuclear fire.
So why don't the nuclear armed states give them up? After all, the US is a superpower without the nukes, and Russia, China, and India are megastates with massive land area, resources, and armed forces to defend them. On top of that, nuclear weapons have never been used since the 1945 bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, so there really is no reason to spend vast quantities of wealth to maintain nuclear arsenals, so the logic goes.

那么这些国家为什么不直接放弃核武器呢?毕竟,美国是一个超级强国,而俄罗斯, 中国和印度都是大国,有大片的领土,资源和军队保护自己。此外,自1945年日本吃了两颗原子弹以来,都没有再使用过,所以真的没必要花那么多钱来养核武库,逻辑上是这么说。

But nuclear weapons have been used, and the world was able to see the devastation a single atomic bomb could wreak on a city. The genie was out of the bottle and could not be put back in.
Once the United States used the bomb every other major power raced to get their own. The United States would not be allowed to posses weapons of such awesome power in isolation. Each power felt their security could only be guaranteed by nuclear weapons of their own.


The action-reaction arms dynamic came into play. The USSR got theirs so as not to be threatened by the US. The UK got theirs because they wanted to be an independent power and because the US reneged on their agreement to share their research with the British, so the British were going to show the Americans they could do it on their own. France got theirs so they could be free from any political Anglo-American domination, and to protect themselves from the USSR. China could not rest until it got nuclear weapons and thereby guarantee its security from a hostile and powerful Russia. India got theirs because they felt threatened by China, particularly after the 1962 and 1967 border wars with the communist giant, and because the NPT treaty was solidifying the nuclear haves and have-nots, and India was not going to be a have-not. Pakistan got theirs because of India, and Israel got theirs because memories of the Holocaust were still fresh in their minds. They were never going to be helpless victims again if they could help it. The North Koreans saw nukes as their only guarantee against regime change, so poor as they were they made the effort to get at least a handful of nukes.


While no country in its right mind is planning on using nuclear weapons for the sheer pleasure of them, they all have deep seated, highly charged security reasons for them. These reasons will not go away even if nuclear weapons vanished overnight.


A final reason is the prestige factor. Quite aside from raw security reasons in the case of North Korea, Israel, and probably Pakistan, the other nations keep nuclear weapons because it's the status symbol of a great power. States with these weapons broadcast to the world that their scientific, technical, and industrial capabilities are second to none. They broadcast their economic might, able to bear the enormous cost of investing, developing, and operationalizing a complete nuclear weapons system geared for warfighting. It also unequivocally demonstrates their power level. Nuclear powers, for the most part, operate on a different plane than non nuclear powers in the fields of international diplomacy and geopolitics.


So the nuclear states might continue to talk the talk of disarmament, but there is no real movement to actually disarm. Nuclear weapons and nuclear armed states will in all likelihood be a fact of life for a long time to come, hopefully as symbols of power and prestige for the wielders and not as actual weapons of war!


Cristian A. Rodriguez
Argentina and Brazil are also other nuclear capable countries dominating the full cycle from the mines to the enriched uranium.
Both agree to not make, test and field them to avoid a nuclear arms race and declared South America free of nuclear weapons.
Yet both countries sustain the capability to make the bombs in short notice if the need arises.