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AT&T and Verizon had big 5G-related announcements this week: AT&T published speed test results that seemingly validated its “5G E” LTE network as the fastest around, and Verizon launched its 5G network in parts of Chicago and Minneapolis. But both of these announcements underscore just how much of a mess 5G is right now. AT&T’s results appear to be skewed in the company’s favor, and Verizon’s rollout seems slapdash, with poor coverage even in the areas that Verizon promised.

美国电话电报公司和威瑞森本周宣布了与5G 相关的重大消息: 美国电话电报公司公布了速度测试结果,似乎证明其"5G e"LTE 网络是最快的,威瑞森在芝加哥和明尼阿波利斯部分地区推出了5G网络。 但是这两个声明都突显了5 g 现在是多么的混乱。 美国电话电报公司的结果似乎对公司有利,威瑞森的推出似乎很草率,即使在承诺的区域覆盖率也很低。

These are just the latest headaches for 5G, which has been marred by delayed rollouts, limited hardware tests, conflicting standards, political wrangling, and more. With telecom companies rushing to be first, odds are the mess of 5G will only get worse as the rollouts continue. If people’s first experiences with 5G are this shoddy, why should they trust — and pay extra — for the networks when they do actually arrive for real?

对于5G来说,这只是最新的麻烦,因为延迟推出、硬件测试有限、标准冲突、政治争吵等等,都让5G陷入困境。随着电信公司争先恐后地成为第一,5 g 的混乱局面只会随着推广的继续而变得更加糟糕。 如果人们第一次使用5G 的体验就是这么糟糕,那么当他们真正使用5G 网络时,为什么还要信任这些网络,并为它们支付额外的费用呢?

Verizon’s 5G network is blazing fast, but it barely exists Take AT&T. The company seemingly scored a win this week by announcing that recent Ookla speed tests had found its 5G E network (which, again, is LTE, not 5G) to be the fastest in the US, buoying the company’s message that the 5G E brand would help cement AT&T’s reputation ahead of its actual 5G launch later this year.

以美国电报电话公司为例。 这家公司似乎在本周取得了胜利,它宣布,最近Ookla 的速度测试发现,其5G e 网络(再说一遍,这是 LTE,而不是5G)是美国最快的,即在今年晚些时候实际推出5G之前,该公司发布的5g e品牌将有助于巩固a美国电报电话公司的声誉。

But those results aren’t as clear-cut as AT&T would have you believe: Ookla says that the spike in results for AT&T is due to an increase in speed tests from iPhone users after the release of iOS 12.2, specifically on the iPhone XR, XS Max, XS, X, 8, and 8 Plus, which are the same models that now display 5G E logos following that update.

但是这些结果并不像美国电报电话公司想让你相信的那样明确: Ookla 说美国电报电话公司结果的飙升是由于 iOS 12.2发布后 iPhone 用户速度测试的增加,特别是在 iPhone XR、 XS Max、 XS、 x、8和8 Plus 上,这些都是在升级后显示5G e 标志的相同型号。



But these latest tests don’t prove that AT&T’s speeds are faster on average, and other results — like OpenSignal’s recent study from before iOS 12.2 was released — shows that AT&T’s 5G E is actually slower than T-Mobile and Verizon. Verge readers on Twitter have also shared similarly poor results; it’s certainly not representative of all users, but it’s definitely not the kind of first impression AT&T wants attached to its 5G brand, either.

但是,这些最新的测试并不能证明美国电报电话公司平均速度更快,而且其他结果——比如 OpenSignal 在 ios12.2发布之前的最新研究——显示美国电报电话公司的5G e 实际上比 T-Mobile 和威瑞森慢。 推特上的 Verge 读者也分享了类似的糟糕结果; 它当然不能代表所有用户,但也绝不是美国电报电话公司希望附加在其5 g 品牌上的那种第一印象。

Things don’t necessarily improve when you get to actual 5G, either, as Verizon showed us this week during its real 5G launch. In his tests out in Chicago, my colleague Chris Welch learned that actual 5G will offer dramatically better speeds at rates between 400 and 600 Mbps for downloads. (Those are the kinds of numbers that AT&T’s 5G E network can only dream of.) But the network itself is extremely spotty. When Verizon says that only “select areas” will have 5G, it’s not kidding: service was reportedly inconsistent. Even where Verizon did offer 5G, it often appeared and vanished from one block to the next.

正如本周威瑞森在其真正的5 g 发布会上向我们展示的那样,当你使用真正的5 g 网络时,情况并不一定会有所改善。 在芝加哥进行的测试中,我的同事克里斯· 韦尔奇了解到,实际的5 g 能够提供更快的速度,400到600兆。这些数字是美国电话电报公司5G e 网络只能梦想的。) 但是这个网络本身是非常不稳定的。 当威瑞森声称只有"特定区域"才有5G 网络时,这不是在开玩笑: 据报道,服务是不一致的。 即使在威瑞森提供5 g 服务的地方,它也经常在一个街区出现到另一个街区消失。

That’s a problem. Verizon may have technically launched its network first, but if it can’t offer widespread or consistent service, then it’s just that: a technical achievement without real practical application. Verizon’s rush to be first seems to be coming at the expense of a reliable 5G network, something that early adopters (who, remember, are paying $10 per month extra) will have to deal with while Verizon gets more substantial coverage.



But the stakes are higher with the launch of 5G, and if AT&T and Verizon (as well as T-Mobile and Sprint, which seem to have made the right call in delaying their launches to iron out details) can’t actually make good on things, they’re going to end up with disappointed customers once they find out that the reality doesn’t quite meet the promises they were given.

但随着5G 的推出,风险更高。如果美国电话电报公司和威瑞森(以及 T-Mobile 和 Sprint ——它们似乎做出了正确的决定,推迟了发布时间以解决细节问题)实际上无法实现目标,那么一旦消费者发现现实并未完全实现他们所得到的承诺,他们最终将以失望告终。