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The changing face of tourism | The Economist

一、中国游客游全球



Since the 1950's,

从20世纪50年代开始,

the number of people going on holiday has soared.

度假的人数猛增。

The global tourism industry is booming.

全球旅游业正在蓬勃发展。

In 2017, it generated eight trillion dollars

2017年,它创造了8万亿美元

to the economy,

的经济效益,

and accounts for 10% of employment worldwide.

覆盖全球就业人数的10%。



so too, do their travel budgets.

他们的旅游预算也跟着水涨船高

The number of Indian travelers is on the up

印度游客也是多了起来。

with countries such as Jordan, Australia and Israel

前往其他国家像是约旦、澳洲和以色列

making it easier for Indians to get visas.

使得印度人更容易取得签证

Although, only seven percent of Chinese citizens

虽然,只有7%的中国公民

own a passport,

有护照

by 2030, Chinese trips will account

到了2030年,中国人的旅游产额

for around a quarter of international tourism.

将会占据全球旅游业大约四分之一

Thailand is the top international destination

泰国是中国游客前往国外的



Tuvalu, the small island nation

吐瓦鲁,南太平洋上的

in the South Pacific, the least.

小岛国家,游客少得可怜,几乎没人去玩。

This is because it is so far away

这是因为它距离世界其他各地

from the rest of the world.

实在太远了

Tourism is increasing in most areas in the world except one.

全球大多数地方的旅游产业都在增加,就除了美利坚

Travel bans on people from Muslim countries,

禁针不吃猪肉之国家人民的旅游禁令

more visa checks and the stronger dollar

手续过多的签证检查和坚挺的美元

have made the United States

都使得美国

a less attractive destination for visitors.

不再受游客如此青睐

二、全球买矿卖手机

The number of smart phone users globally

全球的智能型手机使用人数

is set to reach 2.5 billion by 2019.

将在2019年达到25亿



and shipped to refineries and factories

并被运送到精炼工厂

in a truly global supply chain.

这是个真正全球化的供给链

Silicon.



One of the most common elements in the earth's crust,

地壳中最常见的元素之一

is used to make the billions of transistors in the chips

用于制造芯片中数十亿个晶体管

that power your phone.

为你的手机提供动力

Gold is used for electrical wiring.

黄金是用于电线

About 0.03 grams of it in each iPhone.

每台iphone中大约0.03公克的黄金

Indium, another metal, is used to make touch screens.

至于金属铟,用于制作触摸屏。

But when it comes to batteries,

但当我们说到电池时

lithium is one of the key components,

锂则是其中一个关键成分



another crucial element in smartphone batteries.

也是另一个智能型手机电池的重要元素

Smartphone makers are under pressure to ensure their cobalt

智能型手机制造商都有压力要确保他们的钴

is responsibly sourced.

取之有道

About 80% of the cobalt used in batteries

大约80%用于电池中的钴

is refined in China.

是在中国精练

Many so-called rare-earth elements

许多所谓稀土金属

are also used in smartphones,

被用于智能型手机中

in the screen, the speaker,

触摸屏、喇叭

and the motor that makes your phone vibrate.

和让你的电话震动的马达

About 85% of rare-earth elements are produced in China.

大约85%的稀土金属在中国生产

Despite their name, rare-earth elements

尽管它的名称是稀土金属

are not particularly rare,

但却不特别稀有

but they are hard to extract

但提炼它们很难不产出

without producing toxic and radioactive byproducts.

毒气和放射性的副产物

Many of the elements used in smartphones

许多用于智能型手机的元素



So recycle your phone if you get a new one this year.

所以,如果你今年买了一只新的,把你的手机拿去回收吧!

Why? It is, you might say, elementary.

为什么?可以这么说,这事顶靠谱(元素)