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China’s birthrate declines again in 2018

2018年,中国的出生率再次下降

新闻:
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, there were 15.23 million births in 2018, two million fewer than in the previous year. In 2029 the population will start to decline. In 2050 the employed will have to pay support 400 million people over the age of 60.

据中国国家统计局统计,2018年出生人口1523万人,比上年减少200万人。2029年人口将开始下降。到2050年,就业人口必须要养活4亿60岁以上的人口。



Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – Despite government efforts to encourage couples to have more children, the birthrate in various Chinese regions and in Beijing continued to decline in 2018, Reuters reports, citing the China Daily, the daily newspaper of the Chinese Communist Party.

北京(亚洲新闻/代理社)——路透社援引《中国日报》的报道称,尽管中国努力鼓励夫妻多生孩子,但2018年中国各地和北京的出生率继续下降。

In China’s capital, the birthrate was 8.24 per 1,000 people last year, down from 9.06 in 2017. In China’s financial capital, Shanghai, the birth rate dropped to 7.2 per 1,000, from 8.1 in 2017.

在中国首都,去年的出生率为8.24‰,低于2017年的9.06‰。在中国的金融中心上海,出生率从2017年的8.1‰降至7.2‰。

China recorded 15.23 million births last year, down 2 million from 2017; the second consecutive annual decline, according to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). The marriage rate is also falling, down to 0.72 per cent last year from 0.99 per cent in 2013, NBS data showed.

去年,中国有1523万新生儿,比2017年减少了200万;根据国家统计局的数据,这是连续第二年出现年度出生率下降。国家统计局数据显示,结婚率也在下降,从2013年的0.99%降至去年的0.72%。

The data add further evidence to the progressive aging of the country’s population, which the authorities would like to counter by eliminating every barrier to having children.

这些数据为中国人口的逐渐老龄化提供了进一步的证据,而当局希望通过消除生育的每一个障碍来应对这一问题。



Due to a preference for boys, especially in the countryside, the law led a sex imbalance as parents chose to abort female fetuses. With an estimated sex gap of 40 million females, the net result has been the development of women trafficking from North Korea, Vietnam and Cambodia.

由于重男轻女,尤其是在农村地区,独生子女法律导致了性别失衡,因为父母选择打掉女婴。据估计,中国女性人口与男性之间的性别差距为4000万,导致的结果就是来自朝鲜、越南和柬埔寨针对中国的妇女贩运活动的猖獗。