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Why do wealthy families hardly last for more than three generations?

为什么会出现“富不过三代”这一现象?



Wasteful descendants: Gamblers, Parties. They spent more than the inheritance’s investment returns. i.e. they consume the capital away, not just the returns.
Large number of descendants: Every generation, the wealth is divided to more and more people. A wealthy person may have many grandchildren and their wealth would be divided and consumed by larger and larger number of people over time.

维基百科给了两条解释:
1.后代可能会成为赌徒,或热衷于搞聚会。他们的挥霍超过了遗产的投资回报。也就是说,他们对资本的消耗远远大于回报。
2.子孙众多:财富被分配给越来越多的人。一个富人可能有很多孙子孙女,随着时间的推移,他们的财富会被越来越多的人瓜分和挥霍。