原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com 翻译:UP机器人 转载请注明出处

China has created a vast underground defense complex capable of intercepting hypersonic missiles which can defeat conventional missile defenses, according to a scientist who has worked on the system and received China's highest science and technology award last week.


Speaking with The Global Times, Qian Qihu, 82, said that China's "Underground Steel Great Wall" could "guarantee the security of the country's strategic arsenal" against attacks - including those from hypersonic weapons.


The "Underground Steel Great Wall" is a series of defense facilities located deep under mountains. While the mountain rock is thick enough to resist enemy attacks, entrances and exits of these facilities are often vulnerable and Qian's work was to provide extra protection for these parts. -The Global Times

"地下钢铁长城"是位于深山之下的一系列防御设施。 尽管山石的厚度足以抵御敌人的攻击,但这些设施的出入口往往很脆弱,而钱的工作就是为这些地方提供额外的保护。

According to Qian, the system is China's "last national defense line," and is capable of withstanding a nuclear attack before the country responds with strategic weapons, which Qian's work safeguarded along with launch and storage facilities and key military personnel.


"The development of the shield must closely follow the development of spears. Our defense engineering has evolved in a timely manner as attack weapons pose new challenges," said Qian.

"盾牌的发展必须紧跟长矛的发展。 由于攻击性武器带来了新的挑战,我们的防御工程及时得到了发展。"。

According to the academician, hypersonic weapons that move 10 times as fast as the speed of sound are capable of changing trajectory mid-flight and penetrate any anti-missile installations.


China has gone to great lengths to keep up with advanced weaponry as well as a largely unpredictable international environment, says Qian, citing the Trump administration's consideration of a lower bar for the deployment of nuclear weapons, including low-yield nukes, as reported in January 2018 by the Wall Street Journal.


Military experts have suggested that US weapons which use low-yield nuclear warheads would be bunker-busters, with a higher surgical strike capability than conventional ground-penetrating munitions.


As we reported in December, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) warned that the current ballistic missile defense system in the US is powerless against hypersonic missiles from China and Russia.


The missile's speed, altitude, and maneuverability could defeat all networked sensors (including space-based) and ground- and sea-based radars; ground- and sea-based interceptor missiles; and render the Pentagon's command, control, battle management ineffective in a hypersonic missile attack.


“China and Russia are pursuing hypersonic weapons because their speed, altitude and maneuverability may defeat most missile defense systems, and they may be used to improve long-range conventional and nuclear strike capabilities,” the report said.


The report admits: "There are no existing countermeasures."


That doesn't mean the US government is sitting on its hands. In November we reported on DARPA's "Glide Breaker" project, which looks to knock hypersonic gliders out of the sky using a "hard-kill interceptor."

这并不意味着美国政府袖手旁观。 11月,我们报道了美国国防部高级研究计划局的"滑翔破坏者"项目,该项目旨在使用"硬杀伤拦截器"将高超音速滑翔导弹击落。

So far, there are few other publicly available details about the program. In its budget request for the 2019 Fiscal Year, DARPA did not ask for any money for Glide Breaker specifically or for research and development of hypersonic defense systems broadly.

到目前为止,几乎没有其他关于这个项目的公开细节。 在2019财政年度的预算要求中,DARPA没有特别要求为"滑翔破坏者"或广泛用于高超音速防御系统的研究和开发提供任何资金。

On the offensive side of things, a joint program by the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA)/ US Army Operational Fires (OpFires) has picked a total of three defense companies to develop and demonstrate a novel ground-launched system enabling hypersonic boost-glide weapons to penetrate the world's most advanced air defenses and quickly and accurately engage critical time-sensitive enemy targets.


Aerojet Rocketdyne, Exquadrum, and Sierra Nevada Corporation have each received contracts to immediately start work on design and development for the next generation of propulsion systems that will power America's hypersonic weapons, DARPA announced in November.

美国国防部高级研究计划局在11月份宣布,洛克达因、Exquadrum 和内华达山脉公司都已经收到合同,将立即开始下一代推进系统的设计和开发工作,为美国的高超音速武器提供动力。

The system calls for a mobile ground-based launch system, plus propulsion systems that will launch hypersonic missiles at land-based targets.