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DidEinstein believe Indians were stupid? His diaries suggest so.

爱因斯坦认为印度人愚蠢吗?他在日记里是这么认为的。



In 1946, physicist AlbertEinstein, speaking at an American college that was the first to give degrees toblack people, denounced racism in a speech that birthed one of his most popularquotes: "Racism is a disease of white people."

在1946年,物理学家阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦在美国第一所授予黑人学位的大学发表演讲,谴责了种族主义。他在演讲中引用了他最著名的名言之一:“种族主义是白人的一种疾病。”

Twodecades earlier, he may have been diagnosed with the same disease had peoplethen been aware of a bunch of diary entries the Nobel-winning scientist wroteduring an Asia tour.

20年前,如果当时人们知道这位诺贝尔奖得主在一次亚洲之行中所写的一系列日记的话,他可能也会被诊断出患有同样的疾病,

Thosediary entries have been made public recently and have sparked a debate onEinstein's views on race and of people from India, Sri Lanka and China.

这些日记最近被公开,并引发了一场关于爱因斯坦对种族以及来自印度、斯里兰卡和中国的人们的看法的辩论。



EINSTEIN ON INDIANS

爱因斯坦怎么看印度人

Writing in theintroduction of his compilation of Einstein's travel dairies, Rosenkranz saysthat the scientist's comments about Indians, Chinese and Japanese display abelief that is "a clear hallmark of racism".

罗森克兰兹在《爱因斯坦旅行日记》的序言中写道,这位科学家对印度人、中国人和日本人的评论表现出一种“明显的种族主义特征”。

Einstein,the editor writes, came across Indians in Colombo during his Far East voyageand mentioned their existence by referring to their "primitivelives".

这位编者写道,爱因斯坦在他的远东之旅中遇到了在科伦坡的印度人,并在涉及他们的“原始生活”的部分时提到了他们的存在。



"[Einstein] alsobelieves that 'the climate prevents them from thinking backward or forward bymore than a quarter of an hour', an attitude that reveals both Einstein'sbelief in geographical determinism and in the Indians' alleged intellectualinferiority," Rosenkranz writes.

罗森克兰兹写道:“(爱因斯坦)还认为,‘这的气候让他们无法持续思考超过15分钟,’这种态度既反映了爱因斯坦坚信地理决定论,也反映了其坚信所谓的印度人智力低劣。”

Theclimate and its alleged effect on Indians comes up again in Einstein's diaries.

气候及其对印度人的影响在爱因斯坦的日记中再次出现。

Accordingto Rosenkranz, Einstein attributes the "alleged stoicism of the Indians heencounters to geographical determination [by asking]: 'Wouldn't we too, in thisclimate, become like the Indians?'."

根据罗森克兰兹的说法,爱因斯坦将“他所遇到的印度人所谓的恬淡寡欲的性格归因于地理决定论,(并反问自己):‘在这种气候下,我们不会也变得像印度人一样吗?’”

WAS EINSTEIN A RACIST?

爱因斯坦是种族主义者吗?



Andso, Rosenkranz writes, "Einstein's diary entries on the biological originof the alleged intellectual inferiority of the Japanese, Chinese, and Indiansare definitely not understated and can be viewed as racist - in theseinstances, other peoples are portrayed as being biologically inferior, a clearhallmark of racism."

因此,罗森克兰兹写道:“爱因斯坦关于日本人、中国人和印度人所谓的智力低下的生物学起源的日记,绝对不应被地低调处理,而且应被视为种族主义——在这些例子中,其他民族被描绘成劣等生物,这是种族主义的明显标志。”