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China could surpass the US and becomethe world's leading investor in scientific and medical research by 2022

到2022年,中国会超过美国成为科学和医学研究领域的最大投资者。

A new study hasclaimed that the US’ status as the world’s leading nation in scientific andmedical research is under threat.

据一项新的研究表明,美国在世界科学和医学研究领域的领先地位正受到威胁。

University ofMichigan researchers reviewed every issue of six top-tier internationaljournals and four mid-tier journals from 2000 to 2015.

密歇根大学的研究人员回顾了2000年到2015年间6个顶级国际期刊和4个中端期刊。

While theresearchers concluded that the US is still the world leader in research anddevelopment spending, and ranks first in the world for scientific discoveries,China’s increased investment in science over the past two decades means that itcan now provide the US with serious competition and ranks fourth in the worldfor total number of new discoveries.

尽管研究人员得出结论,美国现在仍然是世界上研发经费最大的国家, 并且科研发现的数量居世界首位, 但是在过去二十年里中国在科研方面不断增加的投资表明,它现在可以与美国相匹敌,新发现的总量居世界第四。

However, proposedbudget cuts in the US, and the belief that Chinese R&D spending willsurpass the US total by 2022 could mean that China eventually becomes theleading nation for scientific and medical research.
然而,美国提出要削减预算的计划,同时中国则怀有坚定的信念要在2022年研发经费赶超美国,这可能意味着中国终将成为世界科研领域的顶尖国家。

“It’s time for USpolicy makers to reflect and decide whether the year-to-year uncertainty inNational Institutes of Health budget and the proposed cuts are in our societaland national best interest,” said Bishr Omary, M.D., Ph.D. and chief scientificofficer of Michigan Medicine, U-M’s academic medical center.

" 是时候让美国的决策者们反思,关于美国国立卫生研究院( NIH ) 不明的年度预算和减少开支的提议等等,到底如何对我们的国家和社会最有利。" 说话者 Bishr Omary 医学博士是密西根大学医学研究中心的首席科学家。

“If we continue onthe path we’re on, it will be harder to maintain our lead and, even moreimportantly, we could be disenchanting the next generation of bright andpassionate biomedical scientists who see a limited future in pursuing ascientist or physician-investigator career.”

“如果继续这样下去,我们将很难保持当前的领先水平,更重要的是,这会使那些对生物医学有兴趣和热情的年轻人感到前途黯淡,从而放弃自己的科学或医学生涯。”



Rather than beinga dominant force in scientific and medical research, the researchers discoveredthat the US were now more likely than ever to cooperate with other nations onpeer-reviewed papers.

研究人员发现,美国比以往任何时候都更应该就同行评审的论文与其他国家合作,而不是成为科学和医学研究领域的主导力量。

It is thought thatstagnating budgets in the US, Great Britain and other European countries, aswell as Canada and Australia, have ushered in an era of “team science” in thelast 15 years.

人们普遍认为,在过去15年间,美国、英国和其他欧洲国家以及加拿大和澳大利亚的逐渐停滞不前的预算,使我们迎来了一个“团队科学”的时代。

In 2000, 25% ofpapers in the six top-tier journals were by teams that included researchersfrom at least two countries.

在2000年,六大顶尖期刊杂志上25%的论文是由团队完成的,而团队中的研究人员至少来自于两个不同的国家。

However, in 2015that figure was closer to 50%. The increasing need for multidisciplinaryapproaches to make major advances, coupled with the advances of Internet-basedcollaboration tools were likely have something to do with this, Omary said.

但是,在2015年,这个数字近50%。运用多学科方法而实现突破的需求日益增加,还有以互联网为基础的协作工具的发展,都可能与此有关, omary博士表示。



The researchersnoted that while their study was based on data up to 2015, in the current 2017federal fiscal year, National Institutes of Health budget increased thanks tobipartisan Congressional appropriations.

研究人员指出,尽管他们的研究基于2015年之前的数据,但是在当前的2017年联邦财政年度里美国国家卫生研究院的预算增加了,这还要感谢国会两党的拨款。

But the proposedcuts to research funding in the 2018 budget could hinder many areas of researchand negatively impact the next generation of aspiring scientists.

但是,在2018年预算中削减科研经费的提议可能会阻碍许多研究领域的发展,并对有抱负的年轻科学家产生负面影响。

“Our analysis,albeit limited to a small number of representative journals, supports theimportance of financial investment in research,” Omary says.

“尽管数据仅来自少数几个具有代表性的期刊杂志,但是我们的分析证明了金融投资在研究中的重要性,”Omary说。

“I would stillstrongly encourage any child interested in science to pursue their dream andpassion, but I hope that our current and future investment in NIH and otherfederal research support agencies will rise above any branch of government tohelp our next generation reach their potential and dreams.”

“对于那些热爱科学并有意投身其中的孩子们,我还是会强烈支持他们去追逐自己的梦想,但是我希望政府对美国国家卫生研究院和其他联邦研究机构的投入在现在以及未来能得到提高,高于政府的其它分支机构,这样我们的下一代才能充分发挥他们的潜力,实现他们的梦想。”