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Japan's industry minister visits Chernobyl nuclear disaster site

日本工业大臣访问切尔诺贝利核灾难遗址

【日期】2017年5月5日



CHERNOBYL, Ukraine - Japanese industry minister Hiroshige Seko visited the site of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident in Ukraine on Thursday to learn lessons that could be useful for Japan in the process of scrapping its reactors that suffered meltdowns in the 2011 Fukushima disaster.

上周四,日本工业部大臣世耕弘成(Hiroshige Seko)参观了1986年乌克兰切尔诺贝利核事故的遗址,为了从中学到些有效的经验以用来处理2011年福岛灾害中融化的核反应堆。

The exploded No. 4 reactor at the nuclear plant in the former Soviet republic was originally covered by a concrete shelter, or "sarcophagus," to prevent radiation from leaking. But the shell has aged and a fresh steel structure built with financial aid from Japan, the United States and countries in Europe and elsewhere covered it in November.

在这个前苏联共和国核电站中曾经发生爆炸的4号反应堆上,独创性地覆盖了一层混凝土遮盖物--也叫做“石棺”--来防止辐射泄露。但这个外壳已经很陈旧了,一座全新钢铁结构的建筑将在今年11月建造以用来代替老建筑,它已到位的预算来自日本,美国,欧洲等国的经济援助。

While the construction of the new shelter, which has cost about 1.5 billion euros ($1.6 billion), marked a milestone in addressing safety concerns over the destroyed reactor, Ukraine has yet to see substantial progress in decommissioning the site.

而新的遮盖物建设已花费大约15亿欧元(16亿美元),它标志着消除核反应堆事故安全关切的一个里程碑,然而乌克兰在处理这个核事故遗址的问题上还没有实质性的进展。



The nuclear accident severity level of the Fukushima crisis has been rated on par with the Chernobyl disaster at maximum 7 on an international scale, with three reactors experiencing meltdowns after the Fukushima Daiichi plant on the Pacific coast was engulfed by huge quake-triggered tsunami waves in March 2011.

福岛危机的核事故严重等级已经被调到了最大级--第七级,在国际上已经和切尔诺贝利事故达到了同一级别。2011年3月,在太平洋沿岸的福岛第一核电站被卷入大地震引发的海啸,引发的核事故造成3个核反应堆堆芯融化。

Plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Inc plans to finish removing melted fuel from the three crippled reactors and scrap the units by around 2051, but it is still struggling to find out the exact locations of the fuel inside the reactors.

在电站运营商--东京电力控股公司--的计划中,完全从损坏的核反应堆移除融化的核燃料、和处理报废的机器设备要到2051年完成,虽然他们目前仍旧在努力寻找着事故反应堆中核燃料的准确位置。